Доктрина ключевых мощностей в российской антимонопольной политике: основания и риски применения
The research is devoted to the analysis of reasons and risks of use of the essential facilities doctrine in Russian antitrust policy. Basing on the comparative analysis of the US and European experience it is shown that the results of the doctrine application depend very much on the legal system. According to the considered cases Russian experience of following the principles of the Doctrine in antitrust cases against natural monopolies is quite successful. However, the efficiency of the instrument becomes questionable when it is used outside of the infrastructure sectors due to the high probability of errors of law enforcement.
At the moment in Russia a policy of privatization of companies with the state participation in the share capital is being conducted; the results of this study will help to make predictions about the dynamics of performance of privatized companies
The main goal of the research is to study the impact of state participation in the share capital on performance of the company. The study showed that state participation in the capital negatively affects to the companies' performance. However, in this work an interesting result that enterprises of a natural monopoly receive the net profit more than other companies was obtained.
Analysis of innovative activity of businesses, particularly those in the transport sphere, in the Russian Federation is provided, based on the OECD data. Company size, level of monopoly power and industryspecific characteristics were used as factors to determine innovative activity. All factors point at low level of R&D spending by Russian businesses, including those in the transport industry. Natural transport monopolies are significantly behind the world's largest companies in R&D. Lack of innovative management system in businesses is the chief barrier to innovative activity.
Many antitrust cases in Russia continue to be a challenge for the assessment of competition policy. The question is that the impact of several antitrust decisions is rather questionable because of poor legal and economic proceeding. In fact, one of the key factors of the antitrust enforcement quality is the way of decision making by the judges in antitrust cases. This project proposal investigates the factors, affecting final antitrust cases results as the key element of the competition policy’s tools in Russia – antitrust regulation. Using a unique dataset of the appeals of infringement decisions from 2008-2012 this paper empirically examines the impact of competition policy instruments on national economy; development of the criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of antitrust policy; analysis of data on facts influencing the final court decision of antitrust investigations against Russian companies.
Economic analysis is an important tool for the modern antitrust. This article provides an empirical study of its role in the Russian antitrust law enforcement practice in order to answer the following question: Has the understanding of the usefulness and importance of economic analysis in the Russian antitrust been achieved, or has economic analysis been applied formally? The study is based on the sample of official records on published decisions by the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, created specifically for this research.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.