The Russian Method
The paper explores the Russian concept of “vospitanie” and the history and methodology of the Communards’ movement. The author argues that educational communities based on positive peer cultures, common activity, and collective reflection represent a viable direction for education. Moreover, educational institutions with elements of civic engagement remain not only guarantors of democracy in democratic countries, but also an important agent of social change in authoritarian countries.
The authors analyze the data of the representative survey of the Russian citizens carried out by Levada Center in April-May, 2009 (N=2000) and compare them with the findings of the Center previous researches. The Russians nowadays mention money as the main value, deficiency and hypothetical factor for solving all the problems including education and employment (the authors speak about this super value of money as of the poor society mythology). The paper shows extremely little concern of urban population and urban youth for quality education per se and lack of real efforts aimed at increasing this quality. It refers mainly to high school but to a considerable degree to higher educational institutions. The leading motive for acquiring higher education is getting a good (that is, well-paid) job. The core problem of higher school 118 for the majority of population and its younger part is excessively high payment for training and its discrepancy with the quality of education received by students, and correspondingly new inequality that has appeared in recent years in access to higher education, infringement of the rights of less well-to-do or provincial applicants.
Written in conjunction with The National Society for Education in Art and Design, the International Encyclopedia of Art and Design Education offers an indispensable resource for students, scholars, and researchers working in the field of art and design education. It contains accessible introductions to key topics, concepts, and thinkers, as well as sophisticated debates on contentious areas, covering the whole age range from early years to post-university in formal and informal settings.
This multi-volume reference work examines historical and contemporary art and design education worldwide, from over thirty different countries, in Africa, Europe Asia, Middle East, Australasia and the Americas. It includes topics such as Epistemic Disobedience in Contemporary Latin American Art; Visual Arts Education in Museums; Elementary Art and Design Curricula; Social and Mobile Media in Art and Design Curriculum; Performative Literacy; Postmodern Pedagogical Principles of Museum-Informed Art Education and much more.
The International Encyclopedia of Art and Design Education defines the conversation for the entirety of the art and design community through authoritative reference of peerless quality.
On May 7th, 2018, enhancing the global competitiveness of Russian education was declared a national goal for the development of education. In light of this situation, the purpose of this analytical report is not only to offer an outlook of Russia’s positions in various international monitorings, seen as the most obvious indicators of global competitiveness. This analytical work also critically analyzes various aspects of the development of Russian education, comprehended from the international comparative perspective. Moreover, in each level of education it observes existing methodological approaches to determining the global competitiveness, with full account of the specifics, existing in the particular sector. The presented report is a first step in discussions about 105 indicators and methodology for assessing a national education system from the point of global competitiveness. Without solving this problem, it is impossible to choose directions for concentrating efforts to develop education in times of scarce resources. The analytical report will be of interest not only for researchers and practitioners from the sphere of education, but also for all those who are interested in the ways of development of Russia as part of the global world.
The article presents the results of a study of Russian and American students’ narrative of happiness. Verbal and nonverbal representations of the phenomenon of happiness were analyzed on a sample of Russian and American students. The general and specific features were determined. It was found, that happiness is connected with involving in activities for both samples of students. At the same time, Russian students are more result-oriented, and American students are more focused on the process, associated with the experience of a state of happiness. The overall trends in gestures’ description were found: for signification of happiness both groups of students put the palms backside up, the character of the movement is circular or convex, the peak of gesture movement is located in the center in regard to a speaker. © 2015, Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research. All rights reserved.
Article is devoted to modern content and format of educftion in various disciplines and its relationships with social reality as a condition for the success of modernization and innovation. The result of a content analysis of three textbooks for secondary schools was shown. The analysis was conducted to identify the nature and extent of actual reality in the historical context of the textbooks.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.