Система управления сложным техническим объектом на основе распределенной операционной системы реального времени
The role of mineral resource potential in the economy of consolidated budgets of the RF constituent entities is discussed. It is shown that at present this role is minor and earnings from foreign mineral trade are missing in the budgets of the RF constituent entities. Main principles of the efficient use of mineral resource potential to solve near-term problems of social and economic development of the RF constituent entities are formulated. Conditions are defined for ensuring sustainable social and economic growth of the RF constituent entities.
The paper focuses on evaluating maturity of organizational and technical systems, relied on application of threshold maturity levels. Existing models developed for evaluation of processes, information systems and management systems are discussed. Advantages and limitations of existing models are systematized.
The paper focuses on the questions of analysis, selection and monitoring of management systems development programs, relying on comparison of the program related expenditures and dynamics of the system’s maturity level, using simulation modeling. In this regard, integrated indicators, which characterize effectiveness of the development program, its financial aspects, as well as its efficiency and duration, are considered. Specific features related with of calculation of the development program integrated indicators using the results of simulation modeling and appropriate statistical metrics are disclosed.
The research is based on the case-study of public joint stock company “KAMAZ PTC” which is the largest Russian automotive corporation (the group of companies). The qualitative study was focused on lean production system development within this company. The case revealed factors and conditions, difficulties and effects of the implementation of this management system. Informational base included in-depth interviews with managers of the company, its annual reports, internal (close) documents, web-site, and other open sources. The role of business internationalization was revealed both as an incentive for lean production implementation against the background of increasing competition and as a prerequisite for possible success based on cooperation with world tracks producer Daimler AG. The problems in lean management development determined by weak communications, motivation of company personnel, and Russian labor market features are discussed.
The fourth edition of the textbook "Management of Organization" was prepared by scientists of the State University of Management. It includes changes in the structure of some of chapters, new materials, reflecting the latest scientific research in management science and the experience of their practical use, as well as the experience of their practical use in organizations. For students, post-graduate students, researcers of modern management problems . The textbook will be really helpfull to learn and create management systems which would be adequate to requirements of a fast growing economy in Russia.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.