Современный правовой статус иностранных кредитных организаций на территории России
Under the Russia legislation, foreign investment implies all types of property and intellectual assets invested in objects of entrepreneurial and other activities by foreign businessmen for purposes of profit. Greenfield and renovated capital funds and circulating assets in all economic areas, securities, property rights and etc. are regarded as investment objects. This part of the article covers issues of commercial and lending institutions with foreign investment, procedure of their registration, and lists relevant documents. The article also analyses the importance of the adequate legal regulation under Federal law no. 160-FZ of 9 July, 1999 on foreign investment in the Russian Federation and other federal laws, legal enactments and international agreements of the Russian Federation.
Problems: 1) complexities of an estimation of legitimacy of actions of heads of the credit organization («Risk business»); 2) high degree blanket norms of criminal law; 3) absence of an accurate regulation of the civil-law mechanisms directed on protection of interests of creditors of the credit organizations, and, as consequence, 4) impossibility of an establishment of special norms it is criminally-legal protection right creditors of the credit organizations, in view of accecorn the nature criminally-rules of law.
This study identifies how country differences on a key cultural dimension—egalitarianism— influence the direction of different types of international investment flows. A society's cultural orientation toward egalitarianism is manifested by intolerance for abuses of market and political power and a desire for protecting the weak and less powerful actors. We show egalitarianism to be based on exogenous factors including social fractionalization, dominant religion circa 1900, and war experience from the 19th century era of state formation. Controlling for a large set of competing explanations, we find a robust influence of egalitarianism distance on cross-national investment flows of bond and equity issuances, syndicated loans, and mergers and acquisitions. An informal cultural institution largely determined a century or more ago, egalitarianism exercises its effect on international investment via an associated set of consistent contemporary policy choices. But even after controlling for these associated policy choices, egalitarianism continues to exercise a direct effect on cross-border investment flows, likely through its direct influence on managers’ daily business conduct.
Based on the need to find criteria for balance of interests of the bank, borrower and regulator, the article explores the question of the legal nature of the credit agreement and the loan agreement.
Monograph by S. Khasyanova «Upgrading Banking Regulation and Supervision in Russia in the line with International Standards» is devoted to the study of the development of banking regulation and supervision in Russia on the basis of international principles and standards. The process of implementation of international principles and standards of banking regulation in the Russian Federation and the following consequences are analyzed in the context of financial stability. Particular attention is paid to macroeconomic regulation and development of prudential regulations and requirements for banks, taking into account banking sector peculiarities. The regulation of systemic risk, identification of systemically important banks and applied to them a particular regulatory regime were investigated. The Deposit Insurance System and its role in enhancing the stability of banks as well as its directions of improvement are also considered in the study. The book is intended for professionals in the field of finance and banking, teachers and students of universities’ economic and financial departments.
The chapter is devoted to evolution of regulation in Russian financial sector. In the first part, we describe the general evolution of regulation starting from the late 1980s when the country started transition to market economy to current situation. The system of regulation came through two large stages: 1989–2013 was a period of coexistence of several different regulatory bodies, and 2013-nowadays when Bank of Russia started to serve as a mega-regulator and took the responsibility over all financial sector. We examine positive and negative side of this evolution. In the second part, we describe several episodes of self-regulation of ethical behavior in several financial markets (banking, microfinance, and debt collection) and try to explain the factors of their success or failure.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/