Влияние макропруденциальной политики на риски банковских холдинговых компаний США
Amid increasing uncertainty in the global financial markets, the accumulation of risks in the banking sector highlights the lack of alternatives to macroprudential policy (MPP), including in the light of the bankruptcy of a number of leading U.S. banks. The paper investigates the impact of macroprudential policy on the risks of large U.S. bank holding companies with total consolidated assets exceeding $100 billion which are classified as systemically important financial institutions. We study the extent to which macroprudential policy may influence dynamic market-based ΔCoVaR (Conditional Value at Risk) risk measure of large U.S. banks supported by the two-step generalized method of moments. The results confirm the downward impact of macroprudential tightening policy on risks, which is especially pronounced in the case of increased loan loss provision requirements, stricter lending standards, leverage requirements and measures targeting at systemically important banks. The research results show that macroprudential policy measures have a heterogeneous effect on different types of banks selected by the principal component analysis method. We also found the asymmetric impact of tightening and loosening macroprudential policy measures on risks of large U.S. banks. Our findings provide a better understanding of the macroprudential policy toolkit in the United States and may have practical implications for banking sector regulators.