Book Review: Monika Grubbauer and Joanna Kusiak, eds. Chasing Warsaw: Socio-Material Dynamics of Urban Change since 1990. Frankfurt-on-Main: Campus Verlag, 2012
On May 12, 1829, Emperor Nicholas I, by invoking Article 45 of the Constitution which had been granted to the Kingdom of Poland by Alexander I, was crowned King of Poland in Warsaw. This happened some three years after his coronation in the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin (August 22, 1826). The unique event in Warsaw, which marked the only coronation of a Russian emperor as King of Poland, has been obscured by the later tensions in Russo-Polish relations and almost erased from the official historical memory of the empire. At the same time, the coronation was Nicholas I' s fascinating attempt to find a compromise with Poland. It directly indicated that Poland is a political entity of its own and, thus, triggered the Polish uprising that happened half a year after.
The article discusses late 18th – early 19th century attempts to represent Poland at the Russian court as well as to create visual display of Russian ceremonial space in Poland. The first part is dedicated to the case of Stanisław August Poniatowski who came to St. Petersburg in 1797 after his abdication and spent the last year of his life in the Russian capital. His stay is widely considered to be the one of a noble prisoner. The author argues that Poniatowski’s status at Paul I’s Court was on the contrary truly exceptional. The article deals with Stanisław August Poniatowski’s royal funeral ceremony which took place in Marble Palace and the Catholic Church of St. Catherine in St. Petersburg. The second part of the article is the research on Grand Duke of Russia Constantine Pavlovich and Emperor Nicolas I’s presence in Warsaw. Polish Coronation of Nicolas I in 1829 gets particular attention. The analysis aims to demonstrate the Russian Emperor’s failure to create his own representative space in Polish capital.
This article describes today’s discursive representation features of buildings created for non-regular everyday use in socialist cities. Descriptions of residential complexes for workers in two countries are used as empirical base: one case in Russia, Moscow, and two cases in China, Taiyuan and Wuhan. We use collective memory concept by A. Assman to analyze strategies implied by different agents to attract attention to the described residential quarters. For all cases, narratives include a legitimate discourse of collective memory on the years of construction, i.e. glorious start of industrial progress in the PRC and making of yet another Soviet avant-garde architectural masterpiece in the USSR. For Chinese cases, representations are clear and consistent for residents, experts and visitors from outside; Moscow case requires expert knowledge and organization of special events to transmit knowledge to guests and even residents. Authentic features, nominated as valuable and subject to preservation, coincide in expert and "philistine" narratives for cases of the PRC; in Moscow case, expert discourse becomes the leading one. At the same time, in both cases troubled memories of national historical events could be found: "cultural revolution" and the Great Terror. In Moscow, these memories are not presented at the residents level, however, corresponding information is transferred from archives to local public memory, being included in exhibition and excursions. In the PRC, memories of traumatic events exist in individual and social memory, manifesting themselves through direct communication. The study contributes to "post-socialist ethnography" by highlighting universal and particular features of discursive representations.
This chapter underlines the key role of a city centre in urban space gastronomy. It offers a four-step perspective, ranging from urban to local. First, the example of Saint-Petersburg (Russia) shows that gastronomy reflects the major phases of urban growth. Here, eating establishments are used as a proxy for the city centre. Second, the example of Warsow's Śródmieście district in Poland indicates the constant growth in catering services in this central borough since 1994. Using density analysis, it shows gastronomy hotspots in the centre of the city. Next, the case of Kraków (Poland) focuses on the centre of a historical tourist city, where there has been both quantitative growth in the number of eating establishments and a change in their distribution. The last examples offer a local perspective, specifically they concern the district Żoliborz in Warsaw, Poland, and the neighbourhood of Podskalí in Prague, the Czech Republic, which are near the city centre.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.