Об образовании плато на времяпролетных кривых в молекулярно допированных полимерах
Abstract - A program for numerical computation of the curves of the transient current in samples of molecularly doped polymers has been developed with allowance for the presence of a defective surface layer in them. Time-of-flight curves are calculated with the multiple-trapping model with a Gaussian energy distribution of traps. The model parameters are determined from the results of independent measurements. Numerical computations are in qualitative agreement with experimental data for a typical molecularly doped polymer. The features of the formation of a flat plateau in samples of different thickness are discussed in terms of the proposed model.
We have performed the comprehensive analysis of the time of flight curves using the multiple trapping model with the Gaussian trap distribution. Our analysis shows that flat plateaus on the computed curves are rare events. We have shown numerically that plateau formation for the non-equilibrium transport may be due to the presence of a thin defective (depletion) layer on the sample surface (two-layer model of a polymer film). Also, to escribe the Poole–Frenkel effect, we have explicitly introduced an analogous field dependence for the frequency factor.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.