A comparative study of youth victimization during COVID-19 lockdowns in Mexico and Russia
This study investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic school closures on peer victimization in Mexico
and Russia. In addition to effects on academic performance and attendance, the lockdowns interfered with
usual peer socialization experiences and interactions. We examined the effects on the problem of bullying
victimization. Since all measures were originally in English, factorial invariance was established at the
outset. Comparisons by country for frequency of victimization, type of victimization, harmfulness of the
victimization experiences, location of the victimization, and relationships to the perpetrator, were calculated.
Although the countries were similar in many ways, significant differences were detected on several items; one
notable difference was the relationship to the perpetrator. In Mexico, the most common bully was siblings,
while in Russia, the highest rank was for parents. Significant differences reflected the cultural contexts of each
country; these cultural influences are discussed.