Информационная прозрачность российских компаний как фактор их конкурентоспособности на рынке капиталов
Despite the fact that the information transparency is one of the many aspects of the corporate management system, it is the most important one among the factors that contribute to the investor confidence level change that determines the dynamics of the company attractiveness level. The information transparency is an important factor that contributes to the company competitiveness level change. The investors are to be sure that the information the company provides is full, accurate and reliable. The article author's goal is to determine the way the information transparency influences the company ordinary shares' value. The value change, in its turn, contributes to the change in the competitiveness level of a company that is present on the capital market. The article is aimed at institutional investors, top managers, and investment analysts.
In this article, the correlation and interaction of organisational and corporate culture are discussed within the framework of a socio-cultural approach regarding the management of employees within developer organisations. The phenomenon of corporate culture is analysed in the context of the system of values and the directives conditioning the attitude of the personnel to the values of the company. The authors analyses the phenomenon of escaping corporate culture as one of the effects of value pressure on the employees. This value pressure comes from organisations introducing the personnel to a rigid system of value-rich requirements.
An article represents a comprehensive overview of approaches to capital structure modeling on the example of the public corporation Silvinit. At first, there are provided a short review of the company and of the corresponding industry followed by the description of how the analogues for the company were chosen. The next part of the article gives a step-by-step description of the practical implementation of such models as WACC model, EBIT-EPS, method of operational profit. Monte-Carlo approach is used for demonstrating an influence of the leverage increase on tax and interest payments as well as company's default risk. In conclusion the authors compare the results of different approaches with the current capital structure of Silvinit.
The book is devoted to comprehensive analysis of the greenhouse gas emission regulation systems, including international, regional and national experience in development and implementation of direct and indirect "carbon" regulation, cap-and-trade schemes, international carbon market and its mechanisms, joint implementation projects, perspectives of carbon market evolution in the future, proposals on imtroduction of low carbon development mechanisms in Russia
The paper explores the factors which may cause conflicts in the state structures and bodies. The research reveals an interaction between the elements of corporate culture and the level of conflict. The article gives wide range of examples of the conflict resolutions in various governmental agencies and recommends the way to prevent the conflicts.
The article considers the processes of progress in production and service sectors and answers the question how and thanks to what service sector of Russian economy left the productive one behind (concerning contribution in GDP of our country). The rates of development of service sector turned out to be so high firstly - as a reason of peculiarities of new Russian economy, which historically was built on the market principles and was developing in conditions of investment resources deficit, secondly - as a reason of system differences between «physical» goods and services as an object of sale. Nowadays Russia faces an unusual symbiosis: effective service companies, operating in hard competitive sphere with average profitability and non-affective from the point of management industrial companies, which thanks to monopolistic pricing have great profitability, providing profits of Russian budget and determining a macroeconomic situation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.