Базовые системы международной стандартизации
The article examines the features of major international and national standardization systems, metrology and certification as a means to improve the competitiveness of products and services.
The article discusses the dynemics of the legislation of the Russion Federation on standardization and draws conclusions about its intermittent character
The coursebook "Cadastral Engineering" is aimed at developing the professionally oriented communicative competence of students majoring in city cadastral engineering, metrology, standardization and certification, and electronic engineering. The book can be used by undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students, along with post-doctorate fellows and a wide variety of learners whose proficiency level is at least B1.
This paper presents an approach for developing Linux interface standards aimed to improve portability of applications among different Linux distributions. The approach is based on usage of database-driven informational system that simplifies creation and maintenance of interface standards by standardization committees and their usage by application and distribution developers. A logical model of interfaces between Linux applications and distributions is described which is used to design schema of the informational system's database.
In terms of actual tendency of innovations being the driven part of the world economy development it is necessary to describe the situation with innovations and standardization in Russia. The article is describing Russian innovations eco-system, regulations in innovations and standardization of innovations. Main standardization bodies and challenges in standardization are briefly described. Possible ideas for the development of innovations system in Russia are proposed.
This issue reveals problems and contradictions standing from the technical legislation reform in Russia. System of technical reglaments, new to Russia, excludes most, but not all standards from the sphere of public protection provided by the State. As a result, standards provided by the Technical Legislation Law are freewill standards and standards provided by other acts are compulsory. It disrupts the system of standards and increases risks and expenses of producers, customers and the State.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.