Про царей и зверей: закономерности акцентуации одной группы русских фамилий
The article is devoted to the accentuation patterns of Russian surnames ending in -ov ( -jov , -ev ), which are derived from monosyllabic masculine nouns: hvost (‘tail’) - Hvostóv , list (‘leaf’, ‘sheet’) - Listóv and Lístov , zver’ (‘beast’) - Zvérev , etc. The accentuation of such surnames is determined by the complex interaction of two factors - the final consonants of their stem and their accent scheme. The analysis of the material shows that, contrary to the previous descriptions, in the vast majority of cases the stress in the surnames formed from nouns with a stem-final single hard paired consonant falls on the root regardless of the accent scheme of the base (Chékhov , Zúbov , Úmov , etc.). For the surnames derived from nouns of the accent paradigm “b” (Býkov , Kótov , Sómov , etc.) such stress is an innovation: cf. Bykóv , Kotóv in late Old Russian manuscripts. In the article we discuss arguments for and against the hypothesis that this accent shift is due to the tendency to resolve the ambiguity between the surname and the genitive plural form of the base noun: e.g. Býkov ≠ bykóv ‘bulls (Gen Pl)’.