Текст как осмысляющий диалог и зашнуровывающая метафора: опыт сопряжения подходов Ю. М. Лотмана и М. М. Бахтина
The article presents a reflection on Yuri Lotman’s idea of reorienting semiotics from the analysis of structures to the analysis of texts and their binary diagogical nature. This idea allows correlating Lotman’s approach with Bakhtin’s concept of a continuous, meaninggenerating dialogue. The juxtaposition of these approaches opens up new possibilities for expanding the semiotic analysis of the processes of meaning formation, metaphorization, the dynamics of culture, and the correlation of social and personal experience in these dynamics. The prospects of expanding the scope of the apparatus of semiotics, such as the narrative approach, deep semiotics, and analysis of the dynamics of social institutionalization of sign structures, are revealed. This, in turn, opens up new horizons for the development of the theory of meaning and understanding, the convergence and juxtaposition of semiotic and hermeneutic traditions, analytical philosophy and phenomenology, abstract modeling and the role of subjectivity (self-consciousness of self). Such extensions and perspectives realize the potential of semiotics as an effective conceptual platform of interdisciplinarity and convergence of scientific disciplines in understanding the ongoing transformations and responsible sociocultural engineering.