Сети словесника: обзор интернет-ресурсов по литературе для школ
In article it is spoken about congestion programs in literature. Formulates the goals and objectives of literary education.
Electronic educational resources are currently an important component of the modern educational process at all the levels. Most of these educational resources are located on sites on the Internet. Therefore, doing an effective search of electronic educational resources is a very important issue. It is more efficient to group electronic educational resources and their descriptions in the framework of the thematic educational portals. Universal search engines return a list of links to all available electronic resources, which use the specified keywords. Thematic portals are organized in a different way. Only the electronic resources (or information about them) that explicitly refer to the theme of a portal are included in the thematic portal. In addition, it is possible to perform the search by using attributes assigned to the resource (for example, on the subject of study, the level of education, the type of educational resource). The combination of attribute search and keyword search provides significantly better (much more relevant) results for the found electronic resources. When creating a thematic educational portal, it is necessary to develop a system of classifiers with the lists of categories and to allocate each resource to a class of all used classifiers. So, the standard of classification system for the Russian educational electronic resources has been developed. This system makes it possible to classify educational resources according to the level of education, the subject of study, the resource type and the class of users for whom the resource is intended. For secondary and high school levels, subject of study classifier is based on Russian state educational standards. At the same time, for higher education resources, the area of knowledge category, used in librarianship is applied. The initial aggregation of digital content involves a large share of manual labor: when creating the Russian Federal educational portals www.edu.ru and window.edu.ru, the initial set of educational resources was formed through the analysis and selection of quality educational e-resources available on the websites of Universities and other educational organizations. When operating the educational portal, it is necessary to provide a simple and understandable way to the authors and organizations to offer their electronic educational resources for publication. Establishing of an authoritative and effectively functioning editorial board is very important for portal functioning. In the proposing paper some measures for increasing the credibility of educational portals are described. It is possible to store either electronic educational resources, or metadata descriptions of those resources with links to their Internet addresses, it is also possible to use a combination of such approaches. The paper analyses a number of possible variants. If not one, but a system of educational portals is established, the standard of classifiers and metadata formats enables the designers to organize automatic replication of resources descriptions between theme portals and integrated catalog. Each thematic portal should adequately cover all matters of the theme. Therefore, the content enriching and development of the portal should be made by the Editorial Board of educational experts on the topic of the portal. The paper describes a creation experience of a system of federal educational portals in the Russian Federation
The present article continues the investigation of the Soqotri verbal system undertaken by the Russian-Soqotri fieldwork team. The article focuses on the so-called “weak” and “geminated” roots in the basic stem. The investigation is based on the analysis of full paradigms (perfect, imperfect and jussive) of more than 170 “weak” and “geminated” Soqotri verbs.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.