Структурное моделирование в управлении конкурентоспособностью фармацевтическими предприятиями
The paper states that the most urgent problem of the Russian manufacturing enterprises in pharmaceutical industry is to ensure their competitiveness. In the framework of systemic analysis methodology competitiveness management of pharmaceutical enterprises can be presented as a difficult multilevel administrative system. Presentation of competitiveness management as a system allows to identify its basic elements, to define their internal and external interrelations with the business environment and to use as a tool for practical application.
These days russian pharmaceurtical industry faced a difficult problem – on the one hand there is a great number of foreign manufactures and it threatens the russian market, and on the other hand there are poor research and development, industrial and raw materials bases, financial and personnel components do not allow to make innovative projects that provide significant competitive advantage etc. At this article the results of market position zondage of russian pharmaceutical enterprises – medicine manufactures based on multicriterial matrix. Coverage of these enretprises (international, national and regional/inter-regional markets) and the number of innovative products (specific gravity of original medicines in the range of products of manufacture).
The paper discusses the results of evaluating the effectiveness of competitiveness management system in a construction company. As a result of comparing the actual data with the reference one, weaknesses in the competitiveness management system were revealed and measures for its improvement were developed.
The problem of increasing the levels of competitiveness among teacher training universities in Russia is becoming more and more relevant as Russian education emerges on the international arena. As a result, export of Russian educational services becomes an opportunity that requires seizing. This research paper examines the specificities of internationalization among teacher training universities in Russia as well as the factors that constitute the development of their competitiveness strategy. The paper uses Michael Porter’s “diamond model” as the basis for investigating competitiveness. The “diamond model” includes four attributes: factor conditions; domestic demand conditions; related and supporting industries; firm strategy, structure and rivalry. Along with the methods of theoretical analysis, these elements are used in measuring efficiency of Russian teacher training universities against the background of internationalization process. This paper describes the distinctive features of internationalization of education and science in Russian universities and analyzes directions of internationalization as seen in activities of Moscow State Pedagogical University and Altai State Pedagogical University, the two institutions used as representatives of the core-periphery model. The stages of competitive development from Michael Porter’s diamond model are adapted for teacher training universities. Based on the adapted data, a set of recommendations is drawn up for developing a competitiveness strategy. The results of the research allow teacher training universities to create a roadmap for developing competitiveness in accordance with their existing potential, resources and specific character of their activities.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.