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## Flexible varieties and automorphism groups

Duke Mathematical Journal. 2013. Vol. 162. No. 4. P. 767-823.
Arzhantsev I., Flenner H., Kaliman S., Kutzschebauch F., Zaidenberg M.

Given an irreducible affine algebraic variety X of dimension n≥2, we let SAut(X) denote the special automorphism group of X, that is, the subgroup of the full automorphism group Aut(X) generated by all one-parameter unipotent subgroups. We show that if SAut(X) is transitive on the smooth locus Xreg, then it is infinitely transitive on Xreg. In turn, the transitivity is equivalent to the flexibility of X. The latter means that for every smooth point x∈Xreg the tangent space TxX is spanned by the velocity vectors at x of one-parameter unipotent subgroups of Aut(X). We also provide various modifications and applications.