Семантические аспекты метафоры в философском дискурсе
The article deals with a group of zoometaphors which are acting in the intimate lovers talk as pet names or philonyms. The author defines the semantic potency of zoometaphoric philonyms, substantiates the value preferences of society in mutual renaming. The article also covers word-building features of philonyms.
The article is devoted to the question of expressiveness of non-literary speech.Having analyzed the materials chosen from literature of human sciences and literature of natural sciences, the author distinguishes two types of expressiveness of speech – logical-semantic and imaginative.
Theory on characterization in fiction pays little attention to metaphor. One exception is literary grotesque, a technique close to Wyndham Lewis’s satire and the author’s conception thereof, both of which are considered in the present article. Using the example provided by one of the characters of Lewis’s satire The Apes of God (1930), we propose that metaphor functions in its characterizations in essential accordance with Lewis’s theory and conclude that by reifying the characters, the grotesque metaphors put their hollowness in stark contrast to the narrator’s language creativity in a thoroughly modernist way.
The article is devoted to the analysis of Boris Pasternak’s “Hamlet” with the help of some of the key concepts of the philosophy and motives of German romanticism, such as the theater, the night, the world soul, the microcosm and the macrocosm. The author also refers to the concepts of Mikhail Bakhtin’s chronotope and polyphony and to the concept of intertextuality, referring to the influence of German romantic poets on Boris Pasternak’s work.
The article is devoted to the question of expressiveness of non-literary speech. Proceeding from the theory of two languages of M. Y. Blokh, the author considers the principal differences between the literary and non-literary speech. The author exposes the ability of non-literary speech to be expressive with reference to the existing definitions of expressiveness. Having analyzed the materials chosen from literature of human sciences and literature of natural sciences, the author distinguishes two types of expressiveness of speech – logical-semantic and imaginative. The special attention is given to the analysis of different ways of achieving two types of expressiveness. Imaginative expressiveness is considered in the light of the dictemic theory and analyzed on the examples of metaphors and similes.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.