Семантические аспекты метафоры в философском дискурсе
This article carries out the quantitative analysis of phraseological units with color naming components in the German and English languages. It allows to make generalizations and to reveal various tendencies in two closely related languages. The comparative research of phraseological units - all types of steady verbal complexes is conducted in different parameters in a percentage ratio: phraseological units on each component of a color naming taking into account a phraseological derivation, phraseological units color naming taking into account semantic shift (metaphorical, metonymical, metaforo-metonymical), phraseological polysemanticism of phraseological units color naming, assessment of phraseological units color naming (negative, positive, neutral).
The article deals with a group of zoometaphors which are acting in the intimate lovers talk as pet names or philonyms. The author defines the semantic potency of zoometaphoric philonyms, substantiates the value preferences of society in mutual renaming. The article also covers word-building features of philonyms.
The article is devoted to the question of expressiveness of non-literary speech.Having analyzed the materials chosen from literature of human sciences and literature of natural sciences, the author distinguishes two types of expressiveness of speech – logical-semantic and imaginative.
Theory on characterization in fiction pays little attention to metaphor. One exception is literary grotesque, a technique close to Wyndham Lewis’s satire and the author’s conception thereof, both of which are considered in the present article. Using the example provided by one of the characters of Lewis’s satire The Apes of God (1930), we propose that metaphor functions in its characterizations in essential accordance with Lewis’s theory and conclude that by reifying the characters, the grotesque metaphors put their hollowness in stark contrast to the narrator’s language creativity in a thoroughly modernist way.
The article is devoted to the analysis of Boris Pasternak’s “Hamlet” with the help of some of the key concepts of the philosophy and motives of German romanticism, such as the theater, the night, the world soul, the microcosm and the macrocosm. The author also refers to the concepts of Mikhail Bakhtin’s chronotope and polyphony and to the concept of intertextuality, referring to the influence of German romantic poets on Boris Pasternak’s work.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.