Корпоративная культура как фактор эффективности инновационной деятельности и роста инновационного капитала
In this article, the correlation and interaction of organisational and corporate culture are discussed within the framework of a socio-cultural approach regarding the management of employees within developer organisations. The phenomenon of corporate culture is analysed in the context of the system of values and the directives conditioning the attitude of the personnel to the values of the company. The authors analyses the phenomenon of escaping corporate culture as one of the effects of value pressure on the employees. This value pressure comes from organisations introducing the personnel to a rigid system of value-rich requirements.
"Organization culture" is characterized by polysemanticity in contemporary managerial theory and practice. Development of its definitions indicates evaluation of the analyzed concept from static to dynamic, reflecting the high level of susceptibility of external influences despite the fact that most definitions of "organization culture" are focused on the internal environment of the enterprise.
The paper explores the factors which may cause conflicts in the state structures and bodies. The research reveals an interaction between the elements of corporate culture and the level of conflict. The article gives wide range of examples of the conflict resolutions in various governmental agencies and recommends the way to prevent the conflicts.
This article examines the role of corporate culture in the innovative activity of organization. The role of corporate culture consists in influence on the intellectual capital of an organization. The authors analyze the characteristics of categories such as intellectual property, intellectual capital and corporate culture. Intellectual property is considered in terms of the Civil Code. Intellectual capital is investigated within the framework of three-component structure, which specifies the place and role of intellectual property and of corporate culture. The authors substantiates the idea management of intellectual capital, in particular, management of cost of intellectual capital. Corporate culture is one of the levers of influence on the value of intellectual capital. The authors conducted a study and found a methods of estimating of the intellectual capital, which allows to take into account the effect on the cost of most of its elements. Universal method is building system of indicators. On the example the common card of Balanced Scorecard of D. Norton and R. Kaplan formulated the concept of management intellectual capital. Thus, the authors found a method that allows you to embed management of corporate culture and of intellectual capital into the overall system management of the organization.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.