Врач и судья: сходство и различия в правовом положении. Историческая перспектива - традиционное общество и Древняя Месопотамия
The article represents the retrospective view of J. Bentam’sideason the state, law, moral and their historical dependence. The assumption is made on the relevance of the thinker’s ideas to modernize the political and legal life in Russia including those on legal laws.
The book for individual reading in legal English is aimed at students in law. Each part of the book contains several non-fictional texts, tasks for understanding and practicing new vocabulary. The book will help students to thoroughly study each topic either individually, or during classes. The book can be also useful for those who study English in the sphere of law.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.