Анализ деятельности холдинга «Lufthansa Group»
The purpose of the paper is to reveal factors that may have importance for Russian oil-extracting companies’ sufficiency and investments appeal. At the emerging markets, due to asymmetric information and lack of transparency, investors can make adequate conclusions on their investments in a special company only if they know and understand correctly its business model. If a company demonstrates the steady growth of indicators and ratios that have a substantial importance for its current and potential investors, it has better opportunities to raise funding for its projects. The company’s management may analyze the dynamics of these indicators and make efforts to increase the efficiency.
For oil-extracting companies, that form the basis of the modern Russian economy, the problem of efficiency and investments appeal growth is very important due to the business specifics – the prevalence of fixed assets in assets structure, the high dependence on the natural conditions of extracting, from one hand, and on the market prices, from the other one. It is important to benchmark the efficiency and to concentrate managerial efforts on its leading factors.
To reveal the factors of efficiency, DuPont analysis was made. The sample was formed from the companies that were included at «The Energy Intelligence Top 100: Ranking The World’s Oil Companies 2012». The sample consists of 41 companies, that are included also at «FT Global 500 December 2012». 7 of the companies in the sample represent Russia, others are from different countries of the world. The financial data was collected for the period of 2008-2012. On the base of the regression analysis the impact of factors on the ROE (return on equity) was investigated. Then the best and the worst companies were defined for the purpose of benchmarking of the Russian companies. The managerial recommendations were made on the base of the benchmarking.
In the article author propose approach to client's base generation based on decision tree method. This approach allows taking into account requirements to optimization of customers' selection based on several criteria. Method is illustrated on Logistics Company.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
The authors propose new approach to self-organization of complex distributed systems in logistics. That approach is based on combination of multi-agent paradigm with constraint satisfaction techniques. The proposed solution expresses major features of Swarm Intelligence approach and replaces traditional stochastic adaptation of the swarm of the autonomous agents by constraint-driven adaptation.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.