As for now, Russia has no particular law that regulates genome editing as such. Nevertheless, there are a number of instruments that can be considered applicable to this technology taking into account that genome editing is one of the gene therapy methods thus falling into the wide range of engineering technics used in medicine, biology and in medical biology (biomedicine) – i.e. spheres that are more or less regulated in Russia either nationally or through supranational treaties or recognition of international standards.
In this paper, three major aspects of the regulation in this field will be described: (1) gene therapy issues within medical and pharmaceutical law; (2) patent issues within general patent law; (3) ethical issues.
The article is devoted to the principles of licensing procedures’ legal regulation. The interrelationship of these principles with efficiency of public administration is proved. The emphasis is placed on the necessary legalization of the principle of differentiation of the Executive authorities’ permissive powers.
The aim is to identify the most important principles of the licensing procedures’ legal regulation on the base of the analysis of the Russian doctrine, domestic and foreign legislative practice, principles of OECD regulatory policy (OESR), as well as to justify the need to form the value priorities of officials as a basis for the effective use of the administrative procedures’ principles. Analysis of current trends in the processvalidate of public services, the use of general scientific (logical, systemic) and special legal methods (formal-legal, comparative legal) allowed to present the place of the principles of legal regulation of licensing procedures in the public administration system. In the context of the importance of the normative aspect in the legal regulation of the Executive authorities’ permissive activity, the significance of determining the principal approaches to the content of the legislative fixation of the principles of administrative procedures is proved. It is concluded that the most important principle of the licensing procedures’ legal regulation is the principle of differentiation of licensing powers. Its content is revealed through: 1) reference (correlation) of Federal and regional permissive legislation; 2) clarity in the definition of permissive powers of Executive bodies with different in scope competence blocks (General and special competence); 3) consistency in the implementation of the constitutional provision on the delimitation of subjects of competence between the Russian Federation and its subjects in the "permissive" rules of Federal legislation. It is also suggested that the effect of the principles of administrative procedures is determined not so much by their legalization, but by the formation of the so-called "axiom of legal consciousness" in the subjects of management. It is stated that the principles clearly fixed in the current legislation and mandatory for use in the practice of public administration can project the traditional legal values into the consciousness of the power participants of administrative relations and to form behavioral aspects of regulatory policy in the context of the newly formed concept of public governance in Russia.
The book contains 19 national reports and a comparative legal analysis of the legal regulations on the procedure of genome editing on the human germline. It is worked out which shared values the different legal systems connect and which differences exist. On this basis, it is examined whether an international regulation of the topic is possible and how it could be designed. In addition, it will be examined to what extent the regulations of other countries can serve as a model for German legislation.
The paper is devoted to the legal aspects of the use of cryptocurrencies in trade turnover. Cryptocurrency is considered in the paper as a means of exchange and one of the types of tokens, digital signs, mediating the process of conclusion and execution of transactions. This approach allows us to apply the norms of civil law to the emerging legal relations concerning cryptocurrencies, despite the need to adopt a special regulatory, legal act on the legalization of cryptocurrencies. The analysis of possible changes in the regulatory framework of cryptocurrency regulation in Russia and Eurasian Economic Union countries based on foreign experiences and practices of cryptocurrency legalization in the Republic of Belarus are considered. The author concludes that the Belarusian model of legal regulation is aimed at maximum liberalization of the regime of operations with cryptocurrencies within the particular jurisdiction of the Hi-Tech Park. The legal status of a resident of the Hi-Tech Park allows legal transactions using cryptocurrencies without the application of national legislation in the field of financial operations, banking, currency control and other areas of state control.
The article analyses migration policy of the Russian Federation. The author researches different types of migration in the policy. The author concludes that among different types, the highest priority should have labor migration, migration of the former citizens of the Russian Federation that wish to return and educational migration. The above policies should become strategic guidelines for the further development of the migration policies of the Russian Federation.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/