The Customs Union of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and the European Union: Selected Cross Border Issues
This is a review of issues and problems, including cross-border disputes, arising during customs examination and sampling in
the Russian Federation and the European Union. The Customs Union of the Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakhstan, and
the Republic of Belarus was formed in accordance with the Agreement of 6 October 2007. This article provides some concrete
examples of cross-border disputes in comparison to similar problems that have arisen in the EU, particularly in the Netherlands.
Based on this review, we will conclude with some suggestions to improve the handling of cross-border disputes arising
from customs examinations and sampling.