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Regular version of the site

Article

Min-Cost Multiflows in Node-Capacitated Undirected Networks

Journal of Combinatorial Optimization. 2012. Vol. 24. No. 3. P. 202-228.
Babenko M. A., Karzanov A. V.

We consider an undirected graph $G = (VG, EG)$ with a set $T \subseteq VG$ of terminals, and with nonnegative integer capacities $c(v)$ and costs $a(v)$ of nodes $v\in VG$. A path in $G$ is a \emph{$T$-path} if its ends are distinct terminals. By a \emph{multiflow} we mean a function $F$ assigning to each $T$-path $P$ a nonnegative rational \emph{weight} $F(P)$, and a multiflow is called \emph{feasible} if the sum of weights of $T$-paths through each node $v$ does not exceed $c(v)$. The emph{value} of $F$ is the sum of weights $F(P)$, and the \emph{cost} of $F$ is the sum of $F(P)$ times the cost of $P$ w.r.t. $a$, over all $T$-paths $P$. Generalizing known results on edge-capacitated multiflows, we show that the problem of finding a minimum cost multiflow among the feasible multiflows of maximum possible value admits \emph{half-integer} optimal primal and dual solutions. Moreover, we devise a strongly polynomial algorithm for finding such optimal solutions.