О влиянии интегрированного планирования в цепи поставок на баланс коммерческих целей и операционных возможностей бизнеса
Author examines the impact of integrated planning and, spesifically, sales and operations planning (S&OP) on balancing and reconciliation of market requirements and operations capabilities. Two levels of planning – operational and tactical – are taken into consideration, and results of balancing attempts on each of them are compared. An outline of new approach to the evaluation of sales and operations planning impact on business economy is presented.
An integrated volume planning in the form of sales and operations planning is considered as a default universal method applicable to any business in any industry. Meanwhile, numerous researches on implementation of this process focus mainly on the downstream industries, such as automotive, FMCG etc, leaving the upstream extractive industries without due attention. But the latter industries also need a managerial mechanism allowing foreseeing and reacting to the expected imbalance between forecasted demand and resources available to fulfill it.
Thus, this article reviews necessity and specifics of sales and operations planning in gold mining holdings. The specifics include, firstly, the rules of the demand formation and prolonged supply deficit on the market, and secondly, the need to involve numerous business units of vertically integrated business structure into the planning process. Basing on the specifics revealed an aggregated model of planning process is proposed and main questions to deal with on each step of the process are articulated. The model proposed differs from the standard one by
(a) the stages sequence: particularly, new product and demand planning are proposed to be held in parallel to each other, and operations planning starts from the definition of mining volumes and only then procedes to the processing capabilities;
(b) planning objects on each stage: for instance, new product planning should focus on new gold ore minings, and demand planning – on forecasting of the price rather than demand volume;
(c) an additional planning contour on the level of business units, in line with the main process flow on the corporate level.
It has been long acknowledged that sales and operations planning is of a great importance and value for a business. Nonetheless, every year surveys and reports prove that only a half of all businesses are satisfied with the process and refer to it as successful and effective. This leads to a natural question: what exactly impacts the successful S&OP implementation and execution? To answer this question surveys issued by large consulting companies were reviewed and most frequently proposed success factors and recommendations were chosen. These factors were then divided into several groups basing on what they are impacting and to what extent implementation team can affect them. And, finally, some recommendations aiming at the improvement of S&OP effectiveness were proposed.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.