Basic Research in Russia: Human Resources and Funding
In article possibilities and mentoring problems in the large industrial companies of Russia are considered. Approaches to mentoring definition, its functions in firm and society are analyzed. Types and mentoring updatings in modern personnel management and need for their application are systematized, the facts and practical examples of efficiency of systems of mentoring in the business organizations are given. On experience of consulting projects features of introduction of programs of mentoring at the modern Russian enterprises understand
Editors Neal Chalofsky, Tonette Rocco, and Michael Lane Morris have compiled a collection of chapters sponsored by the Academy of Human Resource Development that provide revolutionary insight into the concepts, theories, research initiatives, and practical applications essential to HRD. Topics range from HRD foundations, workforce development, and management to more specific topics such as implementing and managing HRD initiatives in the organization. The chapters are written by professionals who offer a wide range of experience and who represent the industry from varying international and demographic perspectives. The questions addressed include:
• Nationally and internationally, how does HRD stand with regard to academic study and research?
• What is its place in the professional world?
• What are the philosophies, values, and critical perspectives driving HRD forward?
• What theories, research initiatives, and other ideas are required to understand HRD and function successfully within this field?
• As the industry grows, what are the challenges and important issues that professionals expect to face? What hot topics are occupying these professionals now?
Anthropologists have not found a consensus on the definition of the concept of culture. “Perplexity and even anguish over culture have been with us a long time” (Fox & King, 2002, p. 1). Similarly, there is no agreement of on the concept of organizational culture. In very simple terms, organizational culture has been often described as “how we do things around here” (Fullan, 2001). The concept of organizational culture started first in the U.S. management literature in the 1960s and was later adopted by researchers in other countries and other disciplines, including human resource development (HRD). The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the concept of organizational culture and position the concept within HRD. The organization of the chapter will follow the title: from the past research in related disciplines to the state of organizational culture research and practice at the moment to the directions for future research within HRD.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.