«Интеллектуальный бизнес» на транспорте – есть ли перспективы?
The article discusses the prospects of a decision support system to transport companies. The main characteristics of logistical BI-systems, proposed approaches its use to analyze the efficiency of the transport company.
In modern world enterprises need to be agile in their operation and structure to react to changes quickly. One of the open questions here is how to develop the enterprise, or, to be more precise, if enterprise needs to be developed, and if yes, in which way. In this research we are focusing on the case when enterprise stakeholders understand the need of enterprise development, have ideas for that, and they need decision support method to understand if enterprise restructuring is likely to be successful and cost effective. Another covered topic is how to choose the best option for restructuring from variety provided. In this paper we describe the developed decision support method which combines DEMO methodology and transaction costs theory for quantitative costs estimation. To make this method applicable and reproducible we proposed few enhancements to DEMO notation.
Decision support in equipment condition monitoring systems with image processing is analyzed. Long-run accumulation of information about earlier made decisions is used to realize the adaptiveness of the proposed approach. It is shown that unlike conventional classification problems, the recognition of abnormalities uses training samples supplemented with reward estimates of earlier decisions and can be tackled using reinforcement learning algorithms. We consider the basic stages of contextual multi-armed bandit algorithms during which the probabilistic distributions of each state are evaluated to evaluate the current knowledge of the states, and the decision space is explored to increase the decision-making efficiency. We propose a new decision-making method, which uses the probabilistic neural network to classify abnormal situation and the softmax rule to explore the decision space. A modelling experiment in image processing was carried out to show that our approach allows a higher accuracy of abnormality detection than other known methods, especially for small-size initial training samples.
In this work, in order of development of the previously proposed decision support system to counteract the development of infectious diseases (DSS «CDID») it is proposed evolutionary model (EM), that extends the capabilities of forecast – analytical studies on the spread of infectious disease processes for individual cities and areas of the country as a whole, as well as early assessment of ways solutions to the problems of prophylaxis and therapy in the study territories.
An outline of a few methods in an emerging field of data analysis, “data interpretation”, is given as pertaining to medical informatics and being parts of a general interpretation issue. Specifically, the following subjects are covered: measuring correlation between categories, conceptual clustering, and generalization and interpretation of empirically derived concepts in taxonomies. It will be shown that all of these can be put as parts of the same inquiry.
The book demonstrates the role transport plays in modern economy and logistics. Examined are the different types of transport systems and the mechanisms of transport systems' management. Character features of particular transport modes are described.Considerable attention is paid to best international practices.
Tht book will facilitate the training of professionals who will be capable of introduction the modern ideas, principles and technologies of transportation management. The book also includes the workshop with test questions and tasks as well as the formulas and examples to perform basic calculations related to the transport management
The basic trends of development of modern transport logistics. The introduction of board electronic systems in design of commercial vehicles together with various means of telematics allows owners of vehicle fleets significantly improve their company.
In the paper an approach to identification of characteristics for assessment of IT strategic decisions is proposed. The main feature of the approach is associated with integration of Balanced Scorecard methodology for IT service (IT Balanced Scorecard) and COBIT standard. Such integration allows to describe a hierarchical structure of characteristics (metrics) for assessment of decisions efficiency in yje field of information technologies.