Корейцы сквозь призму советско-японских отношений (1920-1930)
After clearing of the Far East of interventionists in 1922 – 1923 the main task of the young Soviet state was the establishment of diplomatic relations between Moscow and Tokyo. Representatives of the USSR and Japan had been signed on January, 20th, 1925 "the Convention on main principles of mutual relations between the USSR and Japan". The memorandum of general Tanaka Giiti (on July, 25th, 1927) about bases of a policy in Manchuria and Mongolia predetermined aggressive plans of Japan not only these territories, but also Russia. Koreans in territory of the Soviet Far East have appeared "hostages" of two countries USSR and Japan. Changes in foreign policy between these countries directly were reflected in destiny of the Soviet Koreans. Since 1927 in Korea from the Japanese government repressions and persecutions in relation to Koreans have amplified. In USSR Koreans began to accuse of "the Japanese espionage". Repressions have amplified in 1931 -1932 and in 1937 – 1938.
The chapter contains a detailed history of the first period of Soviet involvement in Africa: from the foundation of the Communist Party of South Africa and the arrivalof its representative to the Comintern till the almost complete demise of the party on the eve of the Second World War as a result of the detrimental policy of the Comintern.
The author shows motives and methods of falsifications in the activity of NKVD officers at the time of Great Terror. An example of Perm NKVD officers is a focus of this micro-historical analysis. The main sources include the files of so called «counterrevolutionary crimes’ trials» in the State Contemporary History Archives of Perm Region. The most useful documents are examination testimonies of Perm NKVD officers. These sources correlate with a great number of evidences of the victims of political repressions. Available sources permit revealing both the motives and methods of falsification work of Perm NKVD officers. The subject of inquiry is an illegal activity of executors who were NKVD officers of mean and lower rank. Using mass falsification allowed them to construct fabulous plots which were supposedly hatched by “public enemies”. Those NKVD officers, together with their leaders, became co-organizers of Great Terror. The analysis of the sources permits stating that daily work of NKVD officers in the years of Great Terror was not in conducting inquiries but in providing mass falsifications based on forgery, violence, etc.
In the Great Terror of 1937–38 more than a million Soviet citizens were arrested or killed for political crimes they didn’t commit. What kind of people carried out this violent purge, and what motivated them? This book opens up the world of the Soviet perpetrator for the first time. Focusing on Kuntsevo, the Moscow suburb where Stalin had a dacha, Alexander Vatlin shows how Stalinism rewarded local officials for inventing enemies. Agents of Terror reveals stunning, detailed evidence from archives available for a limited time in the 1990s. Going beyond the central figures of the terror, Vatlin takes readers into the offices and interrogation rooms of secret police at the district level. Spurred at times by ambition, and at times by fear for their own lives, agents rushed to fulfill quotas for arresting “enemies of the people” —even when it meant fabricating the evidence. Vatlin pulls back the curtain on a Kafkaesque system, forcing readers to reassess notions of historical agency and moral responsibility in Stalin-era crimes.
The Soviet assistance to the leading political forces in China, including the Guomindang, has been always an object of numerous discussions. Soviet/Russian historians tend to emphasize its major importance for the political development of China, but their Chinese counterparts belittle its significance quite often. Why is it still difficult to evaluate the quantity and the quality of this assistance? What criteria should be used for its objective assessment? These questions are answered in the book by the historian and sinologist Alexander Yurkevich (the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow). Judging from documents (some of them have never been known) the author shows why and how Moscow’s assistance to the Guomindang in the 1920’s with advisers, finance and material supplies did not become an instrument of the Moscow plans in China, but rather helped the Guomindang undermine these plans and form its own strategy of the unification of China.
This book will help specialists in social history, students and general readers interested in the history of China and Russia learn more about the subject.
By 1930, the Bolsheviks had spent a lot of money five million rubles for training the Chinese revolutionaries. In the Soviet Union there was a whole network of special institutions for them. Soviet support of the Chinese Communist movement in the 1920s – 1930s was truly all-encompassing. Among these institutions the International Lenin School (MLSh) occupied a distinctive place. It functioned longer than other schools, from 1926 to 1938, and it was especially designated for the CCP and other foreign Communist parties’ top cadres.
This article is based upon newly discovered archival documents from the Russian Archives of Social and Political History (RGASPI), including Deng Xiaoping's personal files as well as personal files of his classmates. It thoroughly examines Deng Xiaoping's days in Moscow in 1926-27 when he took classes at Sun Yat-sen University - leading Comintern school of higher learning. The authors meticulously research ideological and political impact of the Bolshevik education on the future great Chinese reformer. They conclusively demonstrate that Deng's study in Moscow at the time when the New Economic Policy was emphasized in the USSR greatly enriched his Marxist views. It laid theoretical foundations for the imminent emergence of the so-called Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the People's Republic of China.
The chapter looks in the Soviet publications on South Africa from the 1920s until 1950. The authors centre their attention on the Comintern period and anlyse the works of Soviet academics who were connected with this organisation. They also look into the post-war period, when new political realities for in the world and in South Africa should have dictated new approaches to South Africa. This, however, was hampered by the ideological constrains in the Soviet society of the time.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.