Стиль власти и власть стиля. О конце классицизма в России
The cycle "Imitations of the Ancients" (1821) is described in the article as an episode from Batyushkov's reception-derived practices. Sources for three of the six miniatures in "Imitations" are found (fragments of Saadi's "Gulistan"as adapted by J.-H. Herder), as well as the syntactic-compositional model for another miniature ("Когда в страдании девица отойдет..."/"When the maiden, suffering, passes away..."). Analysis of how this model functions provides the basis for a hypothesis for precising the manner in which topoi in this text are linked to its plot.
Between 1770 and 1774 Russia built something unique to its history An Archipelagoprincipality in Aegean sea. On the one hand, the Archipelago principality included subjects of the Russian Empress. On the other hand, though, those subjects of the Empress preserved their self-government and their ‘freedoms’; yet their existence never corresponded to Russian imperial realities and Russian laws were not yet written for them. These Catherine II’s subjects were reassured that they had their own ‘deputy general’, that they would live in future in their ‘republic’ or ‘archduchy’, although ‘now’ they had to be completely obedient to their ‘sovereign’ Alexey Orlov.
The relatively arbitrary use and interchangeability of the understanding of “subjecthood,” “protection,” “possessions,” “being in power” and some other terms indicate that no conclusive understanding of the character of relations between the Russian Empire and the Archipelagic principality took shape, not among the rulers and not among those who carried out their orders. Thus no set meaning of these concepts could ever develop. However, Russia did not forget about her Greek possessions and the Empress turned her eyes again towards South-Eastern Europe. Thus her ‘Greek Project’ (described in her letter to Joseph II in Vienna in 1782), her plans to send a new expedition to the Levant and her newly created network of Russian consulates in the Mediterranean helped to develop both new lines of Russian political thought and political vocabulary.
The first part of this book is a collection of essays by an international set of scholars, schedding new light on Lydia Ginzburg's contribution to Russian literature and literary studies, life-writing, subjectivity, ethics, the history of the novel and trauma studies. The second part is comprised of six works by Ginzburg that are being published for the first time in English translation.
The focus of this article is Nikolai Nekrasov's attempt to revive the legacy of Yevgeny Baratynsky, whose poetry - mainly due to Vissarion Belinsky's criticism - was not as higly esteemed in Nekrasov's lifetime as after Baratynsky's "rediscovery' in the early 20th century. It is also shows that Baratynsky's elegies could influence Nekrasov's poem "Kogda iz mraka zabluzhdeb'ia..." (1845), and ofeer an explanation of the reason why Nekrasov favored Baratynsky's poem "Priznanie" (1823, 1832-33).
The article deals with a famous representation of Otto III in apotheosis together with the monk Liuthar, responsible for the execution of the beautiful Gospels-book, donated to the Aachen Chapel ca. 996. It opens with a methodological discussion of modern approaches to medieval art, and especially the applicability of the post-medieval notion of “space”, that the author proposes to substitute for “places” and “plans”. Operating with these notions, he gives a minute description of the miniature on two opposite pages as an unseparable, meaningful unity, where places, plans, figures, gestures are full of sens. This analysis allows to review some stereotyped interpretations of the main scene, especially the “exemplary” one by Ernst Kantorowicz, who claimed it to be at the origin of the much later theory of the king’s two bodies.
The article is a critical review of the current condition of canon formation studies in Russia in its connection to Pushkin epoch and ‘golden age’ of Russian Literature. Besides, article reviews Pushkin reading which took place at the University of Tartu