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## Усовершенствованная подсистема электротеплового моделирования систем на печатных платах в САПР Mentor Graphics

The automatic electro-thermal simulation has been implemented in Mentor Graphics PCB Design Flow. New program-dispatcher TransPower has been developed to control the electro-thermal calculation process, combining the programs of the electric (Analog Designer) and thermal (BETAsoft) simulation into a single cycle. As a result, the labor consumption and the PCB electro-thermal simulation time have been significantly reduced, the accuracy and reliability of calculations have been improved and the human errors have been eliminated.

New electro-thermal simulation subsystem was introduced into Mentor Graphics IC Design flow. The subsystem incorporates IC thermal simulation tool “Overheat”, dispatcher “ETh SimCoupler” as the simulation manager and layout converter “ETh Model Generator”. Application example of power voltage regulator IC simulation is described. A good agreement between simulated and IR-camera measured temperature pictures is achieved.

The policy of maintenance support of a complicated engineering system, providing the maximum effectiveness of its service, is considered. The solved optimization problem of integer programming allows combining the structural elements of a project into groups, optimal from the position of minimization of inter-group connections.

Are the main features of CAD software used in the development of equipment using FPGA. Is an example of job creation projects FPGA. Discusses some common problems and suggest ways to address them.

Automated electro-thermal analysis is realized in the last version of Mentor Graphics PCB Design System. The special software tool AETA is developed and integrated into the Expedition Enterprise PCB Design System to automate the process of power-temperature traffic between electrical and thermal simulators. Furthermore AETA provides the graphical user interface and the possibility to use the different versions of Mentor Graphics software.

An efficient methodology of electro-thermal design of smart power semiconductor

devices and ICs, based on the combined use of SPICE circuit analysis tool and software tools for

2D/3D thermal simulation of IC chip construction, is presented. The features of low, medium and

high power elements, temperature sensors, IC chips simulation are considered

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.

Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability

The Handbook of CO₂ in Power Systems' objective is to include the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in power systems taking CO₂ emission into account. The book includes power systems operation modeling with CO₂ emissions considerations, CO₂ market mechanism modeling, CO₂ regulation policy modeling, carbon price forecasting, and carbon capture modeling. For each of the subjects, at least one article authored by a world specialist on the specific domain is included.

This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .

The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.