Трансформация отраслевого рынка: подходы к моделированию
The purpose of this article - to formulate approaches to the study of the market transformation.The Market is seen as governance mechanism under the uncertaintycondition. Transforming the market, the firm is able to discover and commercialize the advantage of resources, located outside its borders.
The book is comprised of 24 studies examining the changes in values throughout the process of transformation in the post-communist countries and, in general, the questions of values, their conceptualization and research as well as their role in the process of transformation and stratification. The studies present a new concept of empirical sociological study of values, cultural resources in class reproduction and ideology, problems of hedonism, social trust, cohesion, historical and cultural tradition and many other aspects of development of value structure in post-communist societies.
The method of obtaining dynamic graphic art objects using mathematics and information technologies is presented. Various technologies of graphic dynamic and interactive art objects based on the generated fractal images and software are considered. Results of information and mathematical computer experiments of Trubochkinf N.K. are analyzed:
- Art- video based on recording dynamic transformation of a fractal-image;
- Multilayer programmable animations (motion, color, transparency) fractals animations with internal layers of varying length, can be generated over a long recurring time image;
- Video art on the basis of three-dimensional fractals (dynamic and interactive).
The paper considers the factors explaining violent pressure of law enforcement agencies on businessmen in Russia in recent years. This phenomenon has been analyzed from the viewpoint of “destructive entrepreneurship” concept (Baumol, 1990) and “limited access order” framework (North et al, 2009). The paper stresses the key role of economic and political organizations in defending entrepreneurs’ interests. It proposes a number of policy recommendations on incentive system design for law enforcement agencies and development of their public communications with business and civil society organizations.
Internal solitary wave transformation over the bottom step: loss of energy.
The Afroeurasian world-system (AEWS throughout) is the largest world-system that in the period of its largest expansion (prior to its transformation into the planetary World-System), in the 13th – 15th centuries encompassed almost all the societies of Europe and Asia and a substantial part of African societies.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.