Профессиональные обучающиеся сообщества: обзор теории и практики
The article presents a theoretical review of studies devoted to the examination of the concept of a professional learning community. The author also defines the criteria for successful communities and the difficulties in their functioning. The author attempts to determine key foundations for professional learning communities’ formation and development based on the content analysis method. An analysis of foreign scientists’ research enabled us to identify four characteristics of professional learning communities. These characteristics include the following: a common goal shared by members of the community; various forms of interaction; the requirements for participants; and a variety of resources and forms of education. In addition, the author indicated a number of successful examples of foreign and domestic professional communities of teachers. In conclusion, it should be underlined that, taking into account these characteristics can contribute to the transformation of a group of people united by common interests into a professional learning community, as well as develop its participants.