Роль письменной речи в свете современных требований к формированию коммуникативных компетенций
The article deals with an increasing role of writing in developing skills and competences which are so necessary for learners to face the challenges of competitiveness at different stages of their lives both in academic studies and different professional environments.
The book is devoted to comprehensive analysis of the greenhouse gas emission regulation systems, including international, regional and national experience in development and implementation of direct and indirect "carbon" regulation, cap-and-trade schemes, international carbon market and its mechanisms, joint implementation projects, perspectives of carbon market evolution in the future, proposals on imtroduction of low carbon development mechanisms in Russia
The purpose of the paper is to acquire a better understanding of the impact that inter-firm relationships exert on the survivability of Russian firms in the uncertain conditions of crisis and on the firm’s ability to innovate. Based on survey data gained from Russian CEOs in 2010, the paper discusses developments in the Russian market caused by the global crisis. The research contributes to clarifying the role of inter-firm collaboration in the strategy of Russian companies.
The chapter discussed the problems of the Russia’s economic competitiveness in the booming years prior to 2008 economic crisis. We estimate the competitive advantages and weaknesses, and analyze the contribution of innovations into the growth dynamics pattern.
The article considers the processes of progress in production and service sectors and answers the question how and thanks to what service sector of Russian economy left the productive one behind (concerning contribution in GDP of our country). The rates of development of service sector turned out to be so high firstly - as a reason of peculiarities of new Russian economy, which historically was built on the market principles and was developing in conditions of investment resources deficit, secondly - as a reason of system differences between «physical» goods and services as an object of sale. Nowadays Russia faces an unusual symbiosis: effective service companies, operating in hard competitive sphere with average profitability and non-affective from the point of management industrial companies, which thanks to monopolistic pricing have great profitability, providing profits of Russian budget and determining a macroeconomic situation.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.