Математическое моделирование процессов финансовой устойчивости предприятия в условиях рисков
One of the fundamental concepts of financial theory is to find compromise between risk and return. In the traditional approach to ratio of risk and return - higher yield faces a higher risk. It does not take into consideration the timeframe of investments. Purpose of this article is to analyze the risk-profitability ratio of financial instruments depending on the investment period in developed and emerging markets. The analysis showed that the prolongation of the investment period reduces the risk indicators, and the yield remains almost constant. At long time periods shares indicate higher returns with lower risk.
In the article are considered the system of minimization of financial risks of buyers (investors) at participation in share building of objects of the real estate, and also the management methods by such risks provided by the basic regulatory legal act - the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of December, 30th, 2004 № 214-FL «About Participation in Share Building of Apartment Houses and other Objects of Real Estate and about Modification of some Acts of the Russian Federation», regulating similar relations; the urgency of the given problem is proved.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.