The paper summarizes the basics of the theory of social organisms, hypotheses about partial laws of interaction of social resources, the principles of PCRM (People-Capital-Rule-Mentality) modeling.
The overview of Russian social security law and its history
scientific papers on the results of the II International Scientific and Practical Conference
Scientific papers of the conference "Actual problems of labor law and social security law" (Kharkov, 27-28 September 2013) are published.
In this paper are summed up the principal ideas of a book by the contemporary French legal scholar Jasques Le Goff. This book was dedicated to analysis of the sociological conception of law by Georges Gurvitch. In the context of theoretical problems of the nowadays French labor law Professor Le Goff tries to outline a new methodological approach to law. According to Professor Le Goff, one needs to abandon both anarchist ideas about spontaneity of legal development, and the etatist legal positivism which conceives law as primarily emanating from state. Appropriate methodological tools for a correct analysis of law Professor Le Goff finds in the works of the French-Russian thinker of the 20th century Georges Gurvitch who was famous for his conception of social law. Gurvitch treated law as a form for institualization of social communication between individuals and groups. This approach can serve as a conceptual foundation for explaining the contemporary lawmaking processes in the nowadays French labor law where law to a certain extent is created without intervention of state.
In the present article are examined the basic facts about life of an outstanding Russian-French philosopher, lawyer and sociologist Georges Gurvitch, as well as the principal ideas of his scientific conception. The author focuses on the role Gurvitch played in elaboration of the methodology for socio-legal studies, and on the importance of this scientific project for contemporary sociological studies in law. The author demonstrates the connecting link between the philosophical ideas of Gurvitch about law with the key tenets of Russian philosophy; on this basis the author concludes in favor of actuality of these ideas from the standpoint of the continued integration of Russian theoretical jurisprudence into the worldwide legal science. The main concepts and schemes of the sociology of law by Gurvitch are examined by the author, including the concepts of sociability and of social law. These concepts are central to the legal conception of Gurvitch which sets out to overcome the shortages of the methodological individualism inherent to the classical Western legal philosophy of Modernity and at the same time to avoid the extremities of communitarism which are typical for the legal philosophy of Antiquity and of the Oriental world-outlook. Another direction of synthesis for Gurvitch was to reconcile the methodological principles of positivism and of metaphysics, which in the field of sociology are confronted as the positivistic methods of quantitative sociology and the abstract methods of social philosophy. Gurvitch sought to triumph over this conflict through postulating an ideal-realist method which allowed justification of integrative approach to law. Each legal order is created by the society through implementation of certain values, so that law is an attempt to carry out collective values, and first of all the value of justice, in a given social order. Validity of this order is guaranteed by the normative facts which also underpin efficiency of this order. In this way the social order acquires legitimacy and its basic values are accepted on the level of individual consciousness. It is the normative facts which unite two dimensions of law: the facticity (emotions, relations, actions) and the normativity (obligation, imperativity). The author stresses that the sociolegal conception of Gurvitch is based on the tradition of Russian legal philosophy. Here lies one of the major scientific merits of this thinker who introduced Russian philosophical debates into Western social-philosophical discourse and who thereby created methodological foundations for further elaboration of connecting links between these two discourses.
This book contains the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Supported Education (CSEDU 2012) which was organized and sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and technically co-sponsored by SPEE (Portuguese Society for Engineering Education), IGIP (International Society for Engineering Education), ROLE (Responsive Open Learning Environments) and IFIP TC3 (International Federation for Information Processing - Technical Committee 3 - ICT and Education).
CSEDU has become an annual meeting place for presenting and discussing learning paradigms, best practices and case studies that concern innovative computer-supported learning strategies, institutional policies on technology-enhanced learning including learning from distance, supported by technology. The Web is currently a preferred medium for distance learning and the learning practice in this context is usually referred to as e-learning or technology-enhanced learning. CSEDU 2012 is expected to give an overview of the state of the art in technology-enhanced learning and to also outline upcoming trends and promote discussions about the education potential of new learning technologies in the academic and corporate world.
This conference brings together researchers and practitioners interested in methodologies and applications related to the education field. It has five main topic areas, covering different aspects of Computer Supported Education, including "Information Technologies Supporting Learning", "Learning/Teaching Methodologies and Assessment", "Social Context and Learning Environments", "Domain Applications and Case Studies" and "Ubiquitous Learning". We believe the proceedings, demonstrate new and innovative solutions, and highlight technical problems in each field that are challenging and worthwhile.
CSEDU 2012 received 243 paper submissions from 58 countries in all continents. A double-blind review process was enforced, with the help of the 297 experts who are members of the conference program committee, all of them internationally recognized in one of the main conference topic areas. Only 29 papers were selected to be published and presented as full papers, i.e. completed work (10 pages in proceedings / 30' oral presentations). 73 papers, describing work-in-progress, were selected as short papers for 20' oral presentation. Furthermore 37 papers were presented as posters. The full-paper acceptance ratio was thus 12%, and the total oral paper acceptance ratio was less than 42%. These ratios denote a high level of quality, which we intend to maintain and reinforce in the next edition of this conference.
The high quality of the CSEDU 2012 programme is enhanced by three keynote lectures, delivered by distinguished guests who are renowned experts in their fields, including (alphabetically): Joseph Trimmer (Ball State University, United States), David Kaufman (Simon Fraser University, Canada) and Hugh Davis (University of Southampton, United Kingdom).
For the fourth edition of the conference we extended and ensured appropriate indexing of the proceedings of CSEDU including DBLP, INSPEC, EI and Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index. Besides the proceedings edited by SciTePress, a short list of papers presented at the conference will be selected for publication of extended and revised versions in the Journal of Education and Information Technologies. Furthermore, all presented papers will soon be available at the SciTePress digital library.
The conference is complemented with two special sessions, focusing on specialized aspects of computer supported education; namely, a Special Session on Enhancing Student Engagement in e-Learning (ESEeL 2012) and a Special Session on Serious Games on Computer Science Learning (SGoCSL 2012).
Building an interesting and successful program for the conference required the dedicated effort of many people. Firstly, we must thank the authors, whose research and development efforts are recorded here. Secondly, we thank the members of the program committee and additional reviewers for their diligence and expert reviewing. We also wish to include here a word of appreciation for the excellent organization provided by the conference secretariat, from INSTICC, who have smoothly and efficiently prepared the most appropriate environment for a productive meeting and scientific networking. Last but not least, we thank the invited speakers for their invaluable contribution and for taking the time to synthesize and deliver their talks.