Инвестиционная привлекательность России
In the era of globalization Russia as one of the dynamic development markets became attractive to foreign investors willing to get high return and ready to take high risks. The aim of this article is to examine the investment flows and changes of its volume and direction in the periods of stable economic grows and economic crises 1998 and 2008-2009 years, weather we can say that Russia is the international investment center in recent years or it suffers from great capital outflow. According to practice there are two major kinds of investments: portfolio and direct investments. The former are more speculative, the latter - more stable and lead to technology and experience spreading. Ernst & Young European Investment Monitor illustrates the tendency of turning the international investments to development markets using the criteria of the sum of investments projects with participation of foreign investor, the article examines weather it is possible to prove this fact using data of flows of portfolio and direct foreign investments in the Russian market. As that is not a secret that Russian economy is mostly dependent on oil prices, this factor is also taken into account. As a whole the author outlines short-term, medium-term and long-term signs of investment attractiveness of Russia and proves that there is much to be done to make Russia the international investment center.
The author regards the main principles of an overall method of assessing the investment attractiveness of IT-projects and underlines the diffusion of service-oriented architecture (SOA) at the moment. Among modern works taking SOA into consideration in the framework of the methodology of assessing information systems (IS) economic efficiency, he detaches the approach based on event-driven process chain (EPC) extension.
Favourable tax climate is one of the factors of a country's investment attractiveness. Any changes in fiscal policy can result in decrease (or increase) in inflow of capital investments - both private domestic and foreign direct ones. The article dwells on the expedience of profit tax, which is characterized by low budget's earnings generation and high costs of legislation observance. It is underscored that the major emerging disadvantage of this investment regulation instrument is the transfer of tax burden to individuals through growth of prices, reduction in employee pay and return on capital. The author points to the fact that government interventionism may significantly decrease the volumes of direct investments. Consideration is given to the influence of taxation on private investments via labor market channels, savings sector and household consumption.
The paper investigates the optimization methods used by an investor working on the Russian stork market. The efficient sets, corresponding for the two different states of the market (with «moderate» and «rapid» growth rates), are build. The paper denies the necessity of the «deep» diversification of the portfolio on the Russian stork market. Some recommendations concerning the investment portfolio management are formulated.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.