Роль распределенной генерации в реализации концепции Smart Grid
The authors conclude that the full-scale development of distributed generation should be combined with introducing Smart Grid technologies which allow having an integrated energy system provided with an intellectual management system.
With the proliferation of distributed generation, an electrical load can be satisfied either by a centralized generator or by local/nearby distributed generators. Given a set of resource demands in a collection of geographically co-located microgrids connected to the central grid, each such demand characterized by a power level and a duration. We study algorithms that allocate generation resources to demands by configuring switched paths from sources to loads. We consider the case when each demand can be met by two generators, one of them representing the central grid and thus shared among all demands.
For successful implementation of inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) UNIDO acts as a global forum for the establishment of relevant international standards, including on industrial statistics. In this format, UNIDO implements a regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance for policy-relevant analysis in CIS countries”. The main objective of the project is to provide methodological assistance to national statistical offices in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries in introducing international standards on industrial statistics to statistical practice and forming modern and internationally comparable statistical information to display industrial development processes. Therefore, it was necessary to assess reliability, timeliness and international comparability of official statistics of Rosstat and other national statistical offices of the CIS countries, so the analytical part is done mainly based on the official data sources. This paper is based on the intermediate results of statistical analysis of the analytical module of UNIDO project
The paper deals with the prerequisites for the development of integrative complexes due to the global transformation of the institutions of science, education and business, as well as the sociological analysis of the logic of the integrative process.
This paper investigates the language situation in Moscow schools with an ethnocultural component – a new form of national schools. The analysis is based on interviews which were recorded in 2007, in two Moscow schools, one of them with Armenian ethno-cultural component, and the other, with Azeri. The sample included ten students from each school (five boys and five girls).
In the paper the process of linguistic integration of Azeri and Armenian children into modern Russian society is analyzed. The comparison between these two groups is particularly appealing, because the effects of Soviet Russification, and the language situations in general, were different in Armenia and in Azerbaijan. I show that this difference influences the use of language by Azeri and Armenian children.
Development of distributed generation is one of the modern trends in the electric power industry worldwide. The main drivers are technology progress and energy policy (stimulating development of RES, cogeneration, “green energy”, etc.). Furthermore, consumers’ request for higher service standards is important. Liberalization of the electric power industry creates additional opportunities for the development of distributed generation. Also it is necessary to synchronize the development of the electric power industry, heat industry, and consumers’ generation.
To help countries achieve their full industrialization potential and fulfil the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and thereby improve their general welfare, UNIDO is promoting the concept of comprehensive and sustainable industrial development (ISID), which was established in the Lima Declaration adopted by UNIDO Member States on 2 December 2013. The UN General Assembly recognizes the significance of ISID as an important strategic direction for fostering global development in the future. ISID is a key instrument for achieving sustainable economic growth, the creation of quality jobs, the building of equal societies, the protection of the environment, and the active shaping of comprehensive sustainable globalization. The promotion of ISID as the key driver for successful integration of economic, social and environmental factors necessary to achieve full implementation of sustainable development by creating and improving countries’ industrial potential is the main priority of UNIDO’s current activities. To successfully implement ISID, UNIDO acts as a global forum for industrial development and the establishment of relevant international standards, including standards on industrial statistics [UNIDO, 2014; 2013a]. Accordingly, UNIDO has been implementing the regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of statistical indicators for the analysis of industrial development in the CIS countries” since 2013. The project’s main objective is to provide methodological assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States’ (CIS) national statistical services in implementing international standards on industrial statistics in the statistical practice and presentation of modern, internationally comparable information for a qualitative and reliable reflection of industrial development processes. This report presents the results of the statistical analysis describing the availability, quality and measurement capabilities of official statistics in the CIS countries accumulated over the period 2005-2014.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.