The article deals with one of the most complex issues of the theory of tax law. The author reveals the concept of "legal construction of taxes", analyses the elements thereof. The article draws attention to the analysis and delimitation of neighboring and similar concepts such as "elements of taxation" and others.
Key words: legal construction of taxes and charges, elements of taxes and charges, elementary composition of taxes and charges, dynamic elements of taxes.
The article deals with approaches to assessing the effectiveness of tax policy in the region. The problem of regional budgets formation is the restrictions on the provision of tax benefits and reduced tax rates, which are fixed in the Tax Code of the Russian Federation. In this regard, many regions have a deficit budget. As one of the methods of improving the quality of tax policy in the region should be considered the registration of Territories of Advanced Socio-Economic Development. The study showed that the presence of the TASED can reduce the deficit of the regional budget.
In this article the author performs the comparative analysis of the provisions of international treaties forming the Eurasian Economic Union and its predecessors and of the documents containing national tax policies of EAEU Member States. While author’s previous research suggested a number of similar features of EAEU Member States’ tax systems and partial harmonization, this time it is supplemented with conclusion of open tax competition waged by certain EAEU Member States.
Article shows the RF President's proposals on commit criminal legislation with regard to modernization of the country, the strategy focuses on the need for the immediate implementation of those proposals, in particular those relating to ensure adequacy punishment crimes supplement system punishment hard labour and mitigation, and in some cases and troubleshooting, penalizing tax offences.
The monograph presents the tax legislation as a main source of the tax law and the different forms of systematization of tax legislation. It explains the substance and object-matter, juridical and economical goals, tasks and challenges of the systematization of tax legislation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.