Математическое моделирование транспортно-ростовых процессов в многофазных биологических сплошных средах
The model of a growing medium consisting of two phases, liquid and solid, is developed. Growth is treated as a combination of the irreversible deformation of the solid phase and its mass increment due to mass exchange with the liquid phase. The inelastic strain rate of the solid phase depends on the stresses in it, which are determined by the forces both external with respect to the medium and exerted by the liquid phase. In the liquid phase the pressure develops due to the presence of a chemical component whose displacement is hampered by its interaction with the solid phase. The approach developed makes it possible to waive many problems discussed in the theory of growing continua. Possible generalizations are considered.
In this book Lee Rudolph brings together international contributors who combine psychological and mathematical perspectives to analyse how qualitative mathematics can be used to create models of social and psychological processes. Bridging the gap between the fields with an imaginative and stimulating collection of contributed chapters, the volume updates the current research on the subject, which until now has been rather limited, focussing largely on the use of statistics.
Qualitative Mathematics for the Social Sciences contains a variety of useful illustrative figures, introducing readers from the social sciences to the rich contribution that modern mathematics has made to our knowledge of logic, structures, and dynamic systems. A beguiling array of conceptual systems, topological models and fractals are discussed which transcend the application of statistics, and bring a fresh perspective to the study of social representations.
The wide selection of qualitative mathematical methodologies discussed in this volume will be hugely valuable to higher-level undergraduate and postgraduate students of psychology, sociology and mathematics. It will also be useful for researchers, academics and professionals from the social sciences who want a firmer grasp on the use of qualitative mathematics.
The article is dedicated to innovation ecosystems formation and development. The conditions required for their emergence and maturity assessment approach (basing on the example of US metropolitan area including the Silicon Valley) and the city of Tomsk are revealed in the article.
The report covers the method of the estimated life of electronic devices of control and communication systems at the stage of their development. Mathematical model of life control and communication systems and electronic devices are provided. It is shown that the value of the life of control and communication systems significantly depends on the coefficient of variation of life of electronic devices.
The book deals with the models and methods of combined rail-road transportation development.
Modern concepts of combined tramsport and their implementation in European and North-American regions are analyzed. Scientific researh results in this sphere are studied as well as the principle business decisions in combined transport. Mathematical models are developed in order to identify the parameters of the combined transport systems. Prerequisites and possible directions of combined transportation technologies in Russia are discussed.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.