Ограничительные условия дистрибьюторских соглашений как пример «отрицательных» обязанностей в гражданском праве России
About the Russian Federation Court System: its current state and future development prospects.The author analyses the current state of the Russian Court System and its future development prospects in the article. A whole number of measures concerning the Court System development is proposed. These measures include: clear definition of «the Court System» notion; organization of the separate second instance Courts for magistrates in the regional centres; the domestic constitutional justice arrangement; inter-regional and district Courts creation. The legality of restrictive provisions of distribution agreements under Russian civil legislation is frequently disputed by lawyers. However treatment of these provisions as an example of negative obligations may be used as an argument for their validity. Moreover the answer to the question, whether such provisions should be found as restricting legal capacity of the parties to the agreement or not, depends on the level of certainty of these provisions in the agreement.
development of the Court system; federalism; magistrates; Constitutional Сourt; specialization; inter-regional court; district court
Article examines the case of Konstantin Markin, a military servant, who applied for the paid child care leave and was rejected due to the lack of regulation of this right in legislation on men - military servants. The case was considered by courts of general jurisdiction of Russia and by the Constitutional Court of Russian Federation, and then by the European Court on Human Rights. Due to the different understanding of norms on discrimination, CC of RF and ECHR came to different concusions. Article investigates how this conflict influenced Konstatin Markin, regulation of prohibition of discrimination in Russia and attitude of Russia towards ECHR decisions.
The Chapter deals with main issues of relations of the Russian legal order with the external ones, including the background of the international law in Russia; its current status,the role of the highest courts in the interaction with supranational legal orders and main issues that arise in connection with them. The analysis is given of the recent case-law of the Russian Constitutional Court in this area and main trends of its development.
In the third edition of the textbook light out the issues of modern constitutional law of Russia. It has been prepared in accordens with educational standerts. It is recomended to students and teachers of law faculties, political scientists, economists, experts of the public administration
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.