Ограничительные условия дистрибьюторских соглашений как пример «отрицательных» обязанностей в гражданском праве России
About the Russian Federation Court System: its current state and future development prospects.The author analyses the current state of the Russian Court System and its future development prospects in the article. A whole number of measures concerning the Court System development is proposed. These measures include: clear definition of «the Court System» notion; organization of the separate second instance Courts for magistrates in the regional centres; the domestic constitutional justice arrangement; inter-regional and district Courts creation. The legality of restrictive provisions of distribution agreements under Russian civil legislation is frequently disputed by lawyers. However treatment of these provisions as an example of negative obligations may be used as an argument for their validity. Moreover the answer to the question, whether such provisions should be found as restricting legal capacity of the parties to the agreement or not, depends on the level of certainty of these provisions in the agreement.
development of the Court system; federalism; magistrates; Constitutional Сourt; specialization; inter-regional court; district court
Article examines the case of Konstantin Markin, a military servant, who applied for the paid child care leave and was rejected due to the lack of regulation of this right in legislation on men - military servants. The case was considered by courts of general jurisdiction of Russia and by the Constitutional Court of Russian Federation, and then by the European Court on Human Rights. Due to the different understanding of norms on discrimination, CC of RF and ECHR came to different concusions. Article investigates how this conflict influenced Konstatin Markin, regulation of prohibition of discrimination in Russia and attitude of Russia towards ECHR decisions.
The Chapter deals with main issues of relations of the Russian legal order with the external ones, including the background of the international law in Russia; its current status,the role of the highest courts in the interaction with supranational legal orders and main issues that arise in connection with them. The analysis is given of the recent case-law of the Russian Constitutional Court in this area and main trends of its development.
In the third edition of the textbook light out the issues of modern constitutional law of Russia. It has been prepared in accordens with educational standerts. It is recomended to students and teachers of law faculties, political scientists, economists, experts of the public administration
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/