Заметки о мифологизации великой русской литературы
L. L. Lyubimov Notes on myth creation around great Russian literature According to the author, the classical Russian literature remains completely unread by a majority of population in this country. The reason for that is that it is well «hidden» behind revolutionary mantras and оценками. The author explores the revolutionary liberal literary criticism as a phenomenon that initiated the myth creation around the Russian literature: the religious content of many a masterpiece of the Russian literature was ostracized, the notion of a «small person» was perverted, and general humanistic values were replaced by revolutionary slogans. Particular attention is given to an analysis of the world outlook and personality of V. G. Belinsky.
Ideas of the creation of the new human being (новый человек) in Russian history and culture from the 10th century until the homo sovieticus.
The articles deals with a volume of Adam Thorpe’s short stories entitled ‘Is This the Way You Said?’, which can provide Russian students with the insights into modern English prose and some processes of everyday life.
In his article Vladimir Kantor explores the destiny of Russia intelligentsia within the context of cultural crisis that took place at the turn of XIX and XX centuries, analyzing the Vekhovs, a group of leading intellectuals who ran a collection of essays, titled "Vekhi", studying their relationship towards that Russian cultural phenomenon. To author, the intelligentsia is considered as a critical factor in the development of Russian history. Within a context of the struggle around the "Vekhi", by referring to famous philosophical and literature books, published in 1909, the author focuses on relationships between intelligentsia and ordinary people, their attractive and repulsive interaction, which represents the key theme of the Russian destiny. Any historical movement occurs through tragedy; heroes who move the history have to sacrifice themselves to provide that movement. Confirmation to that idea would be rejection and exclusion of the Russian intelligentsia from the country's mentality throughout a number of generations which ultimately led to its tragic being.
The monograph is focused on Russian intelligentsia self-identification that is considered both in the philosophical and in the cultural perspective. The text consists of two parts. The first one deals with the formation of the intelligentsia, beginning from the 18th century to the present, the problematization of the most important themes and ideas is displayed; the second one reveals a specific intellectual, spiritual, vital opposition of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy to the Russian intelligentsia history, status, and fate. Both writers, while holding diametrically opposite world outlooks, were quite critical towards the intelligentsia’s ways of thinking, its ideology, basic values and behavior patterns.
A special attention is paid to the intelligentsia’s “binary consciousness” that “works” pendulum-like, shifting from some specific values to the opposite ones and back, as well as some of its representatives’ holistic (all-embracing) worldview that is quite contrary to the dialogic one. It is not only reflection exercise, but the value content of intelligentsia’s ideas as well. The ideas within that worldview from time to time change up ground, sometimes up to the quite opposite ones. Dostoevsky reconstructed the negative image of an intelligentsia member and, paradoxically, reproduced the same binary oppositions approach in his own worldview. Tolstoy, in his philosophy and life-faith, tried to return to the culture of interpersonal dialogue and integrity.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.