Эволюция судебного прецедента в «общем праве»
The article tackles the role of judicial practice in developing Russian law, pro and con of judicial precedent. According to the author,it is important that all higher courts take into consideration resembling principles of influence of their legal position on social relations, i. e. support to the concept of precedent law.
This topic is necessary to understand where the law comes from, from which sources it is possible to obtain information about legal norms. These sources in different legal families do not coincide, therefore, at least a brief overview of the peculiarities of sources of law in different countries is needed. This topic should equip students with knowledge of types of sources of law, peculiarities of legal customs, normative legal acts, normative treaties, judicial and administrative precedents, legal doctrines as sources of law.
In this article the author examines some theoretical problems connected with the attempts to integrate principles of the precedent law into the Russian law. In author’s opinion, the basic problem is that of different normativity of law in the common law and in the civil law. In the English precedent law legal regulation is mainly exercised through casual rules created ad hoc, in the civil law regulation implies creating general rules. Uncritical utilization of the term “precedent” for characterization of judicial lawmaking in Russia can lead to superfluous analogies between the Russian and the English legal systems. To describe judicial lawmaking theory of law can propose more convenient terminology and conceptual schemes.
If considering traditions in law and in jurisprudence, one may assert that the most actual question in the contemporary Russia is the problem of precedent law. This problem is arisen in connection with some statements of the leading representatives of the judicial system about necessity to transform the Russian court process according to the model of the common law. One can investigate this problem through consideration of the new procedural institutes and their comparaive analysis.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/