### Article

## Dunkl Operators and Canonical Invariants of Reflection Groups

Using Dunkl operators, we introduce a continuous family of canonical invariants of finite reflection groups. We verify that the elementary canonical invariants of the symmetric group are deformations of the elementary symmetric polynomials. We also compute the canonical invariants for all dihedral groups as certain hypergeometric functions.

Let Γ ⊂ U(1, 1) be the subgroup generated by the complex reflections. Suppose that Γ acts discretely on the domain K = {(z1, z2) ∈ C2 | |z1|2 − |z2|2 < 0} and that the projective group PΓ acts on the unit disk B = {|z1/z2| < 1} as a Fuchsian group of signature (n1, . . . , ns), s 3, ni 2. For such groups, we prove a Chevalley type theorem, i.e., find a necessary and sufficient condition for the quotient space K/Γ to be isomorphic to C2 − {0}.

Let Γ be an arithmetic group of affine automorphisms of the n-dimensional future tube *T*. It is proved that the quotient space *T*/Γ is smooth at infinity if and only if the group Γ is generated by reflections and the fundamental polyhedral cone (“Weyl chamber”) of the group *d*Γ in the future cone is a simplicial cone (which is possible only for *n* ≤ 10). As a consequence of this result, a smoothness criterion for the Satake–Baily–Borel compactification of an arithmetic quotient of a symmetric domain of type IV is obtained.

We present a construction of a new integrable model as an infinite limit of Calogero models of N particles with spin. It is implemented in the multicomponent Fock space. Explicit formulas for Dunkl operators, the Yangian generators in the multicomponent Fock space are presented. The classical limit of the system is examined.

The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.

Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.

This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from *Being and **Time* through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the *Spiegel* interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.

Heidegger begins *Being and Time* with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. *The Irony of Heidegger *takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness.* The Irony of Heidegger* attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.

The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.