Образ «другого» в социальном сознании горожан (по материалам социологического исследования межнациональных отношений в г. Перми)
The paper compares some basic aspects of the national identity of Russian and American students. We have analyzed the views of the students at three leading Russian universities (MSU, MGIMO and NRU HSE) and at Princeton University (USA). The study is based on comparing of Russian students’ positions with those of the Princeton University’s students (USA). The paper consists of two articles. The first article published bellow includes the analysis of the students’ normative perceptions of their countries. The second one is devoted to the aspects of attitudes towards the country that render it an object of national identity (country favoritism, a level of criticism towards the country and a specificity of duty to the country fulfillment)
For decades, the Soviet school was a way of shaping a new cultural identity rather than an educational tool. The Archi are a small people (about 1,200) who live in one village high in the mountains of Central Daghestan. Until recently, they have retained their cultural and linguistic isolation. Interviews with the Archi recorded during field work in the village, show that the Soviet school, opened in Archib in the early thirties, had been one of the principal channels of influencing the traditional culture. The school had become the.Big Brother.s. zone in Archib, because for a long period, all teachers were from more socially advanced ethnic groups. The attitude of the Archi to their language and identity, the role of women in the society, traditional clothes, and religious life were largely affected by the school. However, being from 30 to 40 years behind the neighboring ethnoses on the way to innovations, the Archi have kept their ethic identity and their language, and now show a rare example of the successful survival of a smaller nation.