Создание многофункциональных центров предоставления государственных и муниципальных услуг в России: результаты мониторинга
The development of excellent legal and methodical support is necessary for a successful development of multifunctional centers of public services (MFC). For such reason The Ministry for Economic Development of the Russian Federation have monitored activity of 18 MFC in 16 regions. Public opinion polls were made, the MFCs were visited by expert teams in order to monitor the comfort standard (basic requirements to MFC’s design) implementation. The article briefly observes the results gained, with such parameters as service lists, participants, technical data for each MFC. Best practice and most common faults are also mentioned in the article, including suggestions of their origin.
The creation of «Multifunctional centres of public services» (MFC) became a key area of administrative reform process in Russian Federation in 2008. The main role in launching MFC was given to the regions of Russia. Regional governments had to find a place, to hire labor, to provide communications and finance. But the requirement to provide federal services through MFC forced ministries and agencies to join the regional projects. In the article a common experience of federal government structures in dealing with MFC startup projects is reviewed. The key points of decisions (as the form of service provision, finance collaboration, team building and internal communication, PR and information support) are discussed, thus sketching out the best-practice and recommendations from a real experience.
This article is devoted to the consideration of the Federal Statute № 210- F3 of 27 July 2010 About the organization of state and municipal services provision. Th is is connected with a change for an electronic way of providing public administration services and executing its functions by using a universal electronic map. Th e Statute gives, for the fi rst time, a defi nition of the universal electronic map. It has provisions on the organization of the activity to issue, to give out and to operate electronic maps, as well as provisions about the order of giving out and delivering universal electronic maps; about the refusal of people to receive the map; about providing citizens with services within the framework of the electronic bank supplement. Th e Statute fully refl ects the current situation in the organization of providing public and municipal administration services.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.