Финансирование общего среднего образования в России
For a long period of time, the sphere of higher education in Russia was an extensively growing market which satisfied public demand and in addition to government funding attracted extra funds from families and private funding sources. However, the financial crisis, demographic recession, and rising instability of family incomes had a profound effect on the market of educational services. These processes have impacted the quentially-linked main stages of the educational system, which have directly led to changes in the structural components of the educational market and its transition to a shrinking market. Based on the recent researches, the paper discusses these new characteristics of the education market. Finding solutions to overcome the deficiencies of the existing vocational training system to ensure the competitiveness of graduates in the labor market, as well as the assessment of trends in social demand for higher education in Russia, are pertinent topics for this research reflecting the situation of emergence from a real crisis.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.