Многоканальное финансирование культуры и искусства: зарубежный опыт
Every country is shaped by its model of multi-channel funding in the sphere of culture and art, adequate its national system of fiscal devices, principles of the distribution of powers between the levels of Government and traditions of public and private support in this area. At the same time, all countries share a common approach to culture as a factor not only spiritual but also the economic progress of society. With all the variety of its industries and the differences in their economic situation the sphere of culture and art are treated as a single important sector of the national economy, the development of which requires the State to an integrated approach. The formation of the whole concept of State regulation and support of this sphere is a prerequisite for effective national policies in this area. In the world there is considerable arsenal of tools of financial support to cultural industries and arts. The choice of forms and methods of the private-state subsidies, as well as their combination depends on the nature of the chosen model of multi-channel funding, as well as the priorities and objectives of the current cultural policy.