Swing-Up of Quantum Emitter Population Using Detuned Pulses
The controlled preparation of the excited state in a quantum emitter is a prerequisite for its usage as a single-photon source—a key building block for quantum technologies. In this paper, we propose a coherent excitation scheme using off-resonant pulses. In the usual Rabi scheme, these pulses would not lead to a significant occupation. This is overcome by using a frequency-modulated pulse to swing up the excited-state population. The same effect can be obtained using two pulses with different strong detunings of the same sign. We theoretically analyze the applicability of the scheme to a semiconductor quantum dot. In this case, the excitation is several millielectronvolts below the band gap, i.e., far away from the detection frequency, allowing for easy spectral filtering, and does not rely on any auxiliary particles such as phonons. Our scheme has the potential to lead to the generation of close-to-ideal photons.