Тревожность и агрессия в условиях COVID-19: половые и культурные различия (на примере Минска и Москвы)
The article presents the results of the study of cultural and sex differences in the level of anxiety and aggression during the “first” wave of the COVID-19 pandemic depending on the restrictions taken in each country, using two major cities (capitals) – Moscow (Russia) and Minsk (Belarus) as examples. Materials and methods. In Minsk, 239 people (110 men and 129 women; mean age – 19.47±3.27), in Moscow, 233 people (67 men and 166 women; mean age – 23.41±7.19) were interviewed. The GAD-7 scale and the Spielberger Situational Anxiety Inventory were used to assess the level of anxiety; the Bass – Perry questionnaire was used to assess the level of aggressive behavior. Results. There was demonstrated a higher level of anxiety among women if compared to men in both samples (Minsk and Moscow). A cross-cultural comparison of the data revealed that the levels of anxiety and aggression were higher among Russian respondents from Moscow if compared to the Belarusians from Minsk. The factors of aggressive reactions to official prescriptions in Russia and Belarus and change of income during the pandemic in Belarus had a significant influence on the increased level of anxiety.
Conclusion. Comparing of the level of anxiety and aggression in the two samples showed that Moscow respondents were more stressed and aggressive during the first wave of coronavirus spread.