Оценка факторов, влияющих на развитие аграрного комплекса Республик Северного Кавказа
This article consists of a series of short essays dedicated to a certain chapter of the 'popular' socioeconomic history (with a particular focus on the institutional development problems) of the former East Prussia from the Antiquity to present days. The authors tackle the issues of the economic history of amber, the role of the Hanse in the development of medieval trade, the QWERTY-effects in rail rack standards, and the peculiarities of the development of the Kaliningrad region in the post-Soviet period.
The collective monograph prepared on the basis of the International Scientific-Practical Conference "Social and economic problems of modernization of contemporary society", organized by the Eurasian international scientific and analytical magazine "Problems of the modern economy", the Center for Problem Analysis and the Governance at the Department of Social Sciences, the Academy of Arts of Sciences, St.Petersburg branch of the National Research University "Higher Scool of Economics" in May 2011 in St.Petersburg.
The seven sections of the monograph presents the results of theoretical and applied research scientists on the main areas of socio-economic modernization of the society at the national, regional, sectoral level and at the level of the firm.The guestions of priority setting, study and formation of goals, objectives and implementation mechanisms of modernization processes of socio-economic system. The ways and means of improving the management of national and regional resources as the basic components of modernization.
Scientific publication is intended for a wide range of researchers and experts in the field of socio-economic processes and governance, as well as employees of vocational education.
The article discusses possibilities of socio-economic development of North-Western Federal okrug and formulates the aims and strategic tasks of this development.
Global climate change entails both threats and new opportunities for social and economic development of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion. Taking into account the scale of climate change forecasted for the ASE, the importance of Altai-Sayan as one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots as well as an important role assigned to the region in strategic plans of Russia’s economic development, the need to develop regional measures of adaptation to both negative and positive impacts of climate change raises no doubts. In particular, climate change is referred to as a new determinant of development and a security challenge to Russia and its regions in such strategic documents as: the RF Environmental Doctrine (2002), the RF Long-Term Social and Economic Development Concept for the period to 2020 (2008), the RF Forest Complex Development Strategy for the period to 2020 (2008), the RF National Security Strategy for the period to 2020 (2009), the RF Climate Doctrine (2009), the Energy Strategy of Russia for the period to 2030 (2009), the RF Food Safety Doctrine (2010) and the Strategy of Social and Economic Development of Siberia for the period to 2020 (2010).
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.