Формирование многофакторных критериев оценки состоятельности организации с использованием методов анализа иерархий и эконометрики
The paper considers the basic statement of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), that the priorities of decision variants on individual criteria are compared on the ratio scales that are not linked to each other and are also independent of the priorities of criteria. According to the mathematical theory of measurement this approach is incorrect. To demonstrate its potential consequences a simple example in which the use of the AHP procedure leads to a clearly erroneous result is provided.
In authors' previous paper published in 2011 in «Control Sciences» journal one example of a bi-criterion decision analysis problem demonstrating that the use of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) may lead to a clearly erroneous result is given. However, the author of another paper published in 2012 in the same journal suggested that he found an error in our use of AHP and, consequently, our criticism of AHP is unsubstantiated. In this new paper the authors show that there was no mistake in the use of AHP in their original counter-example, and provide two further counter-examples that support their original conclusion.