Права женщин в контексте универсальных, региональных и национальных (российских) стандартов и механизмов защиты прав человека
Introduction: the article deals with women's rights in the context of universal, regional, and national standards of human rights. We discuss the concept and significance of human rights standards for the modern world, society and individual states; highlight their universal character both in terms of the parties involved and the territory they cover; perform the analysis of universal and regional human rights standards, including in terms of their correlation with the respective systems. The main focus of the paper is on the rights of women as a vulnerable category of persons at law, legal formalization and legal framework of these rights, typical violations and protection both at the level of national jurisdiction and in the main international mechanisms of rights protection. Purpose: to research women's rights in the context of universal, regional and national (Russian) standards and mechanisms of human rights protection. Methods: general scientific methods, special scientific methods, methods of legal science – formal legal, comparative legal methods. Results: we have studied the system of international (universal and regional) human rights standards, defined their characteristics, determined their significance. The paper describes the system of the women's rights legal formalization in the context of international standards, examines the problems connected with the enjoyment, securing and protection of these rights through the main mechanisms of human rights protection at various levels; analyzes the practice of the protection mechanisms application by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, the European Court of Human Rights, Russian courts. Conclusions: the main problems that accompany the exercise of women's rights are the use of violence and discrimination in labor relations. These issues demand special attention both at the level of the international community and in national legal systems, including that of Russia.